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Portsmouth, NH

portsmouth New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Portsmouth Economic Development Commission
Sean Clancy, Assistant City Manager for Economic Development
1 Junkins Avenue
Portsmouth, NH 03801
Telephone (603) 610-7220
Fax Not Available
E-mail sclancy@cityofportsmouth.com
Web Site http://cityofportsmouth.com

Municipal Office Hours City Manager, City Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, 8-6, Tuesday to Thursday, 8-4:30, Friday, 8-1

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1 (All Wards)
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 21 (All Wards)
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 21 (Ward 1), 22 (Ward 5), 26 (Ward 3), 27 (Ward 4), 28 (Ward 2), 37 (Wards 1, 5), 39 (Wards 2-4)

Incorporated: 1631
Origin: This territory was a part of the original land grant to John Mason and Francisco Gorges in 1622. A township grant was issued by the council of Plymouth (MA) in 1631 which covered what is now Portsmouth and the harbor, Greenland, Rye, New Castle, and Newington. First called Piscataqua, the settlement became known as Strawberry Banke because of wild strawberries found there. The name Portsmouth was adopted in 1653 to honor John Mason, Captain of the Port in Portsmouth, England, and because it was a good harbor situated at the river's mouth. Already an important center of trade and shipping, Portsmouth became capitol of the province of New Hampshire in 1679, and was incorporated as a city in 1849.
Villages and Place Names: Atlantic Heights, Christian Shore, Creek Area, Elwyn Park, Meadowbrook, Pannaway Manor, Portsmouth Plains, Haymarket Square, Sagamore Hill, Strawbery Banke, the Woodlands
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 4,720 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Portsmouth was a negative 3,775 over 50 years, from 25.717 in 1970 down to 21,942 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Portsmouth was 22,713 residents, which ranked 13th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 1,448.5 persons per square mile of land area. Portsmouth contains 15.7 square miles of land area and 1.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government City Manager & Council
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021-2022 $137,283,375
Budget: School Appropriations, 2021-2022 $60,577,961
Zoning Ordinance 1927/05
Master Plan 2025
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Department
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council; School; Police; Fire
Appointed:Please visit http://cityofportsmouth.com, for a list of boards & committees to which citizens may be elected or appointed
Public Library Portsmouth Athenaeum; Portsmouth Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Full & part-time
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth Local 173

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier Portsmouth Water Department
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $15.20
2022 Equalization Ratio 70.6
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $10.65
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings57.8%
Commercial Land and Buildings39.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.9%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 11,093
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 5,244
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 2,121
Five or More Units in Structure 3,451
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 277
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimate/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 22,713 319,424
2020 21,956 314,176
2010 20,779 295,223
2000 20,822 278,748
1990 26,252 246,744
1980 26,254 190,345
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   10,411 Female:   11,486
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 768
Age 5 to 19 2,793
Age 20 to 34 5,048
Age 35 to 54 5,819
Age 55 to 64 3,020
Age 65 and over 4,449
Median Age 42.2 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 17,129
High school graduate or higher 97.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 62.8%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $62,756
Median family income $124,789
Median household income $91,915
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $78,981
Female $63,695
Individuals below the poverty level 6.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 13,224 13,930
Employed 12,631 13,651
Unemployed 593 279
Unemployment Rate 4.5% 2.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 2,300 3,409
Average Weekly Wage $1,400 $1,724
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 25,151 27,641
Average Weekly Wage $1,046 $1,685
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 27,452 31,050
Average Weekly Wage $1,075 $1,690
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 1,823 2,219
Average Weekly Wage $935 $1,394
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 29,274 33,269
Average Weekly Wage $1,067 $1,670

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Portsmouth operates grades K-12 SAU 52
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 4 1 1 2
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 9-12 9-12
Total Enrollment 951 499 1,031 260
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 13 Total Capacity: 1,203
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
HCA Portsmouth Regional Hospital Health care services 1,000 1987
Liberty Mutual Insurance Insurance services 1,100 1969
High Liner Foods Seafood production 366
Portsmouth Consular Center, US Dept of State Passport, visa services 1,390
Bottomline Technologies Finance software 701
WIN Waste Waste Services 402
Lonza Biologies Biopharma 1,298
City of Portsmouth Municipal services 891
Amadeus Hospitality/Event software 383
Service Credit Union Banking services 404

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 1, 4
State Routes 1A, 1B, 16, 33, 1 Bypass
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exits 3 - 7
Distance Local access
Railroad Guilford Rail Service
Public Transportation COAST; Wildcat Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease InternationalRunway11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 48 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 46 miles
Portland, ME 52 miles
Boston, MA 57 miles
New York City, NY 268 miles
Montreal, Quebec 302 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 12,820
Drove alone, car/truck/van 71.8%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 6.2%
Public transportation 1.2%
Walked 4.2%
Other Means 1.9%
Worked at home 14.6%
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.5 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 51.4%
Commuting to another NH community 35.1%
Commuting out-of-state 13.5%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
X Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Outdoor Ice Skating Rink; Strawbery Banke; Harbor & Isles of Shoals Cruises; Historic Homes; Fish Pier; Trolley; Sailing; Kayaking; Music Festival; Shopping; History Tours; Market Square Day; First Night; Seafood, Chili, and NH Film Festivals

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 7/13/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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