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Peterborough, NH

peterborough New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Peterborough Community Development Office
Peter Throop, Community Development Director
1 Grove Street, Town House
Peterborough, NH 03458
Telephone (603) 924-8000 x104
Fax Not Available
E-mail ocd@peterboroughnh.gov
Web Site www.townofpeterborough.com

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 4:30 pm

County Hillsborough
Labor Market Area Peterborough, NH LMA
Tourism Region Monadnock
Planning Commission Southwest Region
Regional Development Monadnock Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 5
State Senate District District 9
State Representative Hillsborough County District 24

Incorporated: 1760
Origin: This territory was chartered in 1737 by the Massachusetts legislature, and the first settlers arrived in 1739. The township was probably named from Charles Mordaunt, third Earl of Peterborough. Peterborough was incorporated in 1760 by Governor Benning Wentworth, with continuance for two years only. The incorporation was renewed in 1762, to continue until disallowed by the King. Peterborough had the first free public library supported by taxation, and the first mill in the state that wove cloth mechanically. It is home to the MacDowell Colony, a retreat for writers, artists, and composers. Guests have included Edward Arlington Robinson, Leonard Bernstein, and Thornton Wilder, whose play Our Town was inspired by Peterborough.
Villages and Place Names: Drury, Happy Valley, MacDowell Colony, Noone, North Village, West Peterborough
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 861 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Peterborough totaled 3,662 over 58 years, from 2,963 in 1960 to 6,625 in 2018. The largest decennial percent change was a 29 percent increase between 1970 and 1980, which followed a 28 percent increase over the previous decade. The 2018 Census estimate for Peterborough was 6,625 residents, which ranked 50th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2018 (US Census Bureau): 174.3 persons per square mile of land area. Peterborough contains 38.0 square miles of land area and 0.4 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2019 $15,247,314
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $11,755,202
Zoning Ordinance 1970/15
Master Plan 2015
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Library; Zoning; Budget; Recreation; Cemetery
Appointed:Please visit www.townofpeterborough.com for a list of boards & committees to which citizens may be appointed.
Public Library Peterborough Town

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full & part-time
Emergency Medical Service Per Diem
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Monadnock Community, Peterborough Local 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Peterborough Water Works
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint; Comcast
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2018 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $31.46
2018 Equalization Ratio 91.2
2018 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $27.69
2018 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings75.2%
Commercial Land and Buildings23.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other1.8%

(ACS 2014-2018) Housing
Total Housing Units 3,233
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,253
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 315
Five or More Units in Structure 623
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 42
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2018 6,625 415,247
2010 6,284 400,721
2000 5,896 382,384
1990 5,257 336,549
1980 4,895 276,608
1970 3,807 223,941
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2014-2018
Population by Gender
Male:   3,169 Female:   3,355
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 76
Age 5 to 19 1,036
Age 20 to 34 789
Age 35 to 54 1,702
Age 55 to 64 1,199
Age 65 and over 1,722
Median Age 52.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 94.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 54.0%

(ACS 2014-2018) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $55,276
Median family income $112,341
Median household income $82,721
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $73,839
Female $49,375
Individuals below the poverty level 7.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2008 2018
Civilian Labor Force 2,826 3,725
Employed 2,716 3,649
Unemployed 110 76
Unemployment Rate 3.9% 2.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2008 2018
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $787 $954
Average Weekly Wage $943 $1,144
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $3,385 $3,102
Average Weekly Wage $782 $925
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $4,171 $4,056
Average Weekly Wage $812 $976
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $631 $584
Average Weekly Wage $846 $989
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $4,802 $4,640
Average Weekly Wage $817 $978

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Contoocook Valley Cooperative (Antrim, Bennington, Dublin, Francestown, Greenfield, Hancock, Peterborough, Sharon, Temple) SAU 1
Career Technology Center(s): Region 14 Applied Technology Center Region: 14
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 P K 1-8
Total Enrollment 269 399 711 140
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 4 Total Capacity: 242
Nearest Community/Technical College: Nashua
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Franklin Pierce University; Keene State; Antioch New England

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
NH Ball Bearings Precision bearings 550 1946
Monadnock Community Hospital Health care services 668 1919
Peterborough Public School System Education 272
Pheasant Wood Health Care Nursing home 100
Rivermead Retirement community 160 1995

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 202
State Routes 101, 123, 136
Nearest Interstate, Exit Everett Tpk., Exits 7 - 8; I-89, Exit 5
Distance 27 miles; 33 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Jaffrey - Silver RanchRunway2,982 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 38 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 38 miles
Portland, ME 132 miles
Boston, MA 73 miles
New York City, NY 233 miles
Montreal, Quebec 258 miles

(ACS 2014-2018) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 76.4%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 4.1%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 4.3%
Other Means 15.2%
Worked at home 13.9%
Mean Travel Time to Work 25.2 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2014-2018)
Working in community of residence 47.5%
Commuting to another NH community 48.0%
Commuting out-of-state 4.5%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
X Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Mount Sunapee, Crotched Mountain
Other: Miller State Park; MacDowell Colony; Shieling State Forest; Mount Monadnock

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2020. Community Response Received 8/1/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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