NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Dover, NH

dover New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Dover City Clerk's Office
Susan Mistretta, City Clerk/Tax Collector
288 Central Avenue
Dover, NH 03820-4169
Telephone (603) 516-6012
Fax (603) 516-6666
E-mail s.mistretta@dover.nh.gov
Web Site www.dover.nh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 8:30 am - 5:30 pm, Friday, 8:30 am - 4 pm

County Strafford
Labor Market Area Dover-Durham, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Strafford Regional
Regional Development Southeast Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1 (All Wards)
Executive Council District District 2 (All Wards)
State Senate District District 4 (All Wards)
State Representative Strafford County Districts 13, 19 (Ward 1) 14, 19 (Ward 2) 15, 20 (Ward 3) 16, 20 (Ward 4) 17, 21 (Wards 5 & 6)

Incorporated: 1623
Origin: For the first fifty years of New Hampshire history, Dover was one of only three communities established in what is now New Hampshire. Settled in 1623 on the banks of the Piscataqua River, Dover was first called Hilton's Point, named after Edward Hilton, who procured for himself the Dover and Squamscot Patent in 1629. The town was also known by the Indian names of Newichwannock (place of wigwams) and Cocheco; and briefly called Bristol and Northam before permanently becoming Dover. The settlement was an independent government until 1641, when residents agreed to be annexed to Massachusetts; the town returned to New Hampshire when provincial status was restored by King George II in 1741. Dover's location on the Piscataqua and Cocheco Rivers made it a thriving center of trading and manufacturing. Dover was incorporated as a city in 1855.
Villages and Place Names: Bellamy, Cocheco, Gates Corner, Sawyers, Wentworth Terrace
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 1,998 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Dover totaled 11,341 over 49 years, from 20,850 in 1970 to 32,191 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 14 percent increase between 1980 and 1990, and the population has grown less than 15 percent each decade since. The 2019 Census estimate for Dover was 32,191 residents, which ranked fifth among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 1,203.9 persons per square mile of land area, the sixth highest among the cities and towns. Dover contains 26.7 square miles of land area and 2.3 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Manager & Council
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2020 $41,371,778
Budget: School Appropriations, 2019-2020 $58,177,215
Zoning Ordinance 1948/18
Master Plan 2018
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Library; Cemetery; Recreation; Ethics; Open Lands; Arts; Transportation; Pool
Public Library Dover Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Wentworth-Douglass, Dover Local 142

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier City of Dover
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $25.19
2019 Equalization Ratio 93.5
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $22.97
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings74.0%
Commercial Land and Buildings24.0%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.0%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 14,226
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 7,162
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 2,929
Five or More Units in Structure 3,708
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 427
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 32,191 130,633
2010 29,987 123,143
2000 26,993 112,676
1990 25,420 104,348
1980 22,377 85,324
1970 20,850 70,431
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   15,011 Female:   16,566
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 2,033
Age 5 to 19 4,250
Age 20 to 34 9,025
Age 35 to 54 7,563
Age 55 to 64 3,650
Age 65 and over 5,056
Median Age 36.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 93.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 46.5%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $41,533
Median family income $95,141
Median household income $71,631
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $63,588
Female $44,188
Individuals below the poverty level 9.9%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 17,279 18,734
Employed 16,331 18,334
Unemployed 948 400
Unemployment Rate 5.5% 2.1%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 1,319 1,428
Average Weekly Wage $888 $1,040
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 13,141 14,462
Average Weekly Wage $953 $1,229
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 14,460 15,890
Average Weekly Wage $947 $1,212
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 1,811 1,878
Average Weekly Wage $767 $943
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 16,271 17,768
Average Weekly Wage $927 $1,183

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Dover operates grades K-12 SAU 11
Career Technology Center(s): Dover Career Technical Center; R.W. Creteau Regional Technology Ctr.; Somersworth Career Technical Center Region: 12
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 4 1 2 4
Grade Levels P K 1-8 5-8 9-12 P K 1-12
Total Enrollment 1,691 1,173 1,459 1,176
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 23 Total Capacity: 1,274
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay; NHTI-Concord
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH; Southern NH University

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Liberty Mutual Insurance services 1,962
Wentworth-Douglass Hospital Health care services 2,144
Lincoln Financial Group Financial services 729
Dover Schools/Sau 11 Education 558
Measured Progress Customized educational products 296
Community Partners Counseling & mental health services 361
City of Dover Municipal services 820 1855
UPS Shipping services 95
Strafford County County government services 559

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 4
State Routes 4, 9, 16, 16A, 16B, 108, 155
Nearest Interstate, Exit Spaulding Tpk., Exits 6-9; I-95, Exit 5
Distance Local access; 10 miles
Railroad Amtrak Downeaster; Guilford Rail Service
Public Transportation COAST; Wildcat Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Skyhaven, RochesterRunway4,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 43 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 39 miles
Portland, ME 50 miles
Boston, MA 65 miles
New York City, NY 272 miles
Montreal, Quebec 285 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 82.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 7.2%
Public transportation 1.5%
Walked 2.5%
Other Means 6.0%
Worked at home 11.4%
Mean Travel Time to Work 24.2 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 35.6%
Commuting to another NH community 53.0%
Commuting out-of-state 11.4%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
X Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
X Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Woodman Institute; Bellamy River Sanctuary

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 6/17/19

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964