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Berlin, NH

berlin New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact City of Berlin
James Wheeler, City Manager
168 Main Street, City Hall
Berlin, NH 03570
Telephone (603) 752-7532
Fax (603) 752-8550
E-mail info@berlinnh.gov
Web Site www.berlinnh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Berlin, NH Micropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District 2 (All Wards)
Executive Council District 1 (All Wards)
State Senate District 1 (All Wards)
State Representative Coös County District 3 (All Wards)

Incorporated: 1829
Origin: This community was first granted in 1771 as Maynesborough in honor of Sir William Mayne, an associate of Governor John Wentworth in the West Indies trade. The area was not settled by the original grantees, and the town was renamed Berlin in 1829 by new settlers originally from Berlin, Massachusetts. According to historical information from the City of Berlin website, the first attempt at building a sawmill powered by the river was in the early 1820s. This was the start of a booming lumber and paper business in Berlin, and at one time it was the largest newsprint supplier in the world. Berlin was incorporated as a city in 1897, and is the northernmost city in New Hampshire.
Villages and Place Names: Cascade, Berlin Mills
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 73 residents in 1830
Population Trends: Berlin had the largest decrease in numeric population change over 57 years, with total change of 7,596, from 17,821 in 1960 down to 10,225 in 2017. The 2017 Census estimate for Berlin was 10,225 residents, which ranked 29th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 166.3 persons per square mile of land area. Berlin contains 61.5 square miles of land area and 0.7 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Manager & Council
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2017-2018 $12,551,624
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $18,190,437
Zoning Ordinance 1964/09
Master Plan 2010
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council; School; Library
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Berlin Industrial Development Park Authority; Water
Public Library Berlin Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service Private
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Androscoggin Valley, Berlin Local 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier TransCanada
Water Supplier Berlin Water Works
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $39.19
2017 Equalization Ratio 99.4
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $43.67
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings53.6%
Commercial Land and Buildings10.0%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other37.1%

(ACS 2013-2017) Housing
Total Housing Units 4,755
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,539
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 1,707
Five or More Units in Structure 439
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 70
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 10,225 31,634
2010 10,051 33,055
2000 10,331 33,156
1990 11,889 34,879
1980 13,084 35,014
1970 15,256 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   5,766 Female:   4,507
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 423
Age 5 to 19 1,475
Age 20 to 34 2,021
Age 35 to 54 3,038
Age 55 to 64 1,403
Age 65 and over 1,913
Median Age 42.3 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 86.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.6%

(ACS 2013-2017) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $21,491
Median family income $52,579
Median household income $37,969
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $46,232
Female $35,801
Individuals below the poverty level 19.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 4,739 3,893
Employed 4,494 3,734
Unemployed 245 159
Unemployment Rate 5.2% 4.1%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $519 $213
Average Weekly Wage $741 $928
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $2,080 $1,710
Average Weekly Wage $579 $810
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $2,599 $1,923
Average Weekly Wage $612 $823
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $1,311 $1,249
Average Weekly Wage $677 $952
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $3,910 $3,173
Average Weekly Wage $633 $874

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Berlin operates grades K-12 SAU 3
Career Technology Center(s): Berlin Regional Career & Technical Center Region: 2
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 2 1 1 2
Grade Levels K 1-5 6-8 9-12 K 1-12
Total Enrollment 484 286 392 26
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 7 Total Capacity: 723
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Berlin

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Northern NH Correctional Facility Correctional facility 198 2001
Androscoggin Valley Hospital Health care services 363 1971
City of Berlin Municipal services 135 1825
City of Berlin School System - SAU #3 Education 237
Androscoggin Valley Home Care Services Home care 80 1975
Coös County Family Health Services Health services 80
Northern Human Services Behavioral health services 100
Northway Bank (fka Berlin City Bank) Banking services 65
Federal Correctional Institution (FCI Berlin) Federal prison 254 2013

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 16, 110
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 35
Distance 43 miles
Railroad Canadian National/B&M
Public Transportation NCT
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Berlin MunicipalRunway5,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 99 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 6
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 132 miles
Portland, ME 101 miles
Boston, MA 182 miles
New York City, NY 378 miles
Montreal, Quebec 173 miles

(ACS 2013-2017) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 77.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 15.0%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 2.5%
Other Means 2.2%
Worked at home 3.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 15.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 58.9%
Commuting to another NH community 38.7%
Commuting out-of-state 2.4%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Wildcat, Sunday River
Other: Northern Forest Heritage Park; Nansen Ski Jump; Historic Churches; Moose Tours; Hiking; Canoe/Kayak; ATV Trails; Boom Piers; River Fire; Jericho Park; Jericho ATV Festival

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 6/20/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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