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Community Profiles

Thornton, NH

thornton New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Thornton
Debra Shepard, Town Administrator
16 Merrill Access Road
Thornton, NH 03285
Telephone (603) 726-8168
Fax (603) 726-2078
E-mail townadmin@thorntonnh.org
Web Site www.thorntonnh.org/

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen: Monday through Thursday, 8 am - 4 pm, Friday, 8 am - 3:30 pm; Town Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, 8 am - 4 pm, Tuesday, 8:30 am - 7 pm, Friday, 8 am - 3:30 pm

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Plymouth, NH LMA
Tourism Region White Mountains
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress District 2
Executive Council District 1
State Senate District 1
State Representative Grafton County Districts 6, 16

Incorporated: 1763
Origin: This territory was chartered in 1763, and named for Dr. Matthew Thornton. The grant was given to him in return for his service as surgeon in the Pepperell expedition of 1745. Dr. Thornton, whose practice was in Merrimack, was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, a justice of the Superior Court, speaker of the House of Representatives, member of the State Senate, delegate to the Continental Congress, and president of the state following the Revolutionary War. No settlements were made under the first grant, and a second was issued in 1768; the first settlements were made in 1770.
Villages and Place Names: Goose Hollow, West Thornton
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 385 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Thornton totaled 2,012 over 57 years, from 480 in 1960 to 2,492 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was an increase of 60 percent between 1970 and 1980, this was followed by a 58 percent increase over the next decade. The 2017 Census estimate for Thornton was 2,492 residents, which ranked 122nd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 49.6 persons per square mile of land area. Thornton contains 50.2 square miles of land area and 0.4 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2018 $3,185,236
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $4,333,454
Zoning Ordinance 1970/15
Master Plan 2013
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Trust Funds; Planning; Library; Treasurer; Overseer Public Welfare
Appointed:Conservation; Zoning
Public Library Thornton Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Speare Memorial, Plymouth 15 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Time Warner
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Limited
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $19.54
2017 Equalization Ratio 99.5
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $19.44
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings96.0%
Commercial Land and Buildings2.1%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.2%

(ACS 2013-2017) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,826
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,575
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 55
Five or More Units in Structure 78
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 118
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 2,492 89,386
2010 2,490 89,118
2000 1,847 81,826
1990 1,506 74,998
1980 952 65,806
1970 594 54,914
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   1,084 Female:   948
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 70
Age 5 to 19 261
Age 20 to 34 305
Age 35 to 54 526
Age 55 to 64 350
Age 65 and over 520
Median Age 48.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 95.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 38.8%

(ACS 2013-2017) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $29,787
Median family income $75,508
Median household income $63,317
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $41,131
Female $36,616
Individuals below the poverty level 3.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 1,258 1,686
Employed 1,225 1,651
Unemployed 33 35
Unemployment Rate 2.6% 2.1%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $28 n
Average Weekly Wage $605 n
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $68 n
Average Weekly Wage $484 n
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $96 n
Average Weekly Wage $519 n
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $24 $16
Average Weekly Wage $704 $408
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $120 n
Average Weekly Wage $556 n

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Thornton operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are part of Pemi-Baker Cooperative (Ashland, Campton, Holderness, Plymouth, Rumney, Thornton, Wentworth) SAU 48
Career Technology Center(s): Plymouth Applied Technology Center Region: 5
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-8
Total Enrollment 205
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 26
Nearest Community/Technical College: Lakes Region
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State University

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Not Available

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes 49, 175
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 29
Distance Local access
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Plymouth RegionalRunway2,380 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 58 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 72 miles
Portland, ME 105 miles
Boston, MA 122 miles
New York City, NY 319 miles
Montreal, Quebec 199 miles

(ACS 2013-2017) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 80.6%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.2%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 2.0%
Other Means 2.2%
Worked at home 6.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 29.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 15.7%
Commuting to another NH community 78.7%
Commuting out-of-state 5.6%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Loon Mountain, Waterville Valley
Other: Waterville Valley; Loon Mountain; White Mountains

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 6/1/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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