NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Rye, NH

rye New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Rye
Michael Magnant, Town Administrator
10 Central Road
Rye, NH 03870
Telephone (603) 964-5523
Fax (603) 964-1516
E-mail mmagnant@town.rye.nh.us
Web Site www.town.rye.nh.us/

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 4:30 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 24
State Representative Rockingham County District 24

Incorporated: 1726
Origin: Rye was the site of the first settlement in New Hampshire, established by David Thompson in 1623 at Odiorne's Point, which he called Pannaway. This township was originally part of Portsmouth called Sandy Beach, and it was incorporated as a parish of New Castle in 1693 when that town separated form Portsmouth. In 1726 it was separated from New Castle, and incorporated as Rye, after the borough of Rye, a flourishing English Channel town. Rye's eight-mile length of coastline is dotted with old names such as Wallis Sands, Jenness Beach, Locke's Neck, Ragged Neck, Rye Harbor, and Odiorne Point. In 1876, the thriving village of Gosport on Star Island in the Isles of Shoals was annexed to the town. Rye is the only New Hampshire town with Atlantic islands, having annexed four of the Isles of Shoals; the remaining five islands belong to Maine.
Villages and Place Names: Jenness Beach, Odiorne Point, Foyes Corner, Langs Corner, Rye Beach, Rye Harbor, Rye North Beach, Wallis Sands, West Rye, Foss Beach
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 958 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Rye totaled 1,387 over 49 years, from 4,083 in 1970 to 5,470 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a percent increase between 1990 and 2000; the smallest, a two percent increase between 2000 and 2010. The 2019 Census estimate for Rye was 5,470 residents, which ranked 63rd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 432.8 persons per square mile of land area. Rye contains 12.6 square miles of land area and 0.5 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2017 $13,530,966
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $14,020,044
Zoning Ordinance 1953/13
Master Plan 2016
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Zoning
Appointed:Conservation; Historic District; Mosquito; Heritage; Recreation
Public Library Rye Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full & part-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 6 miles 209

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Rye Water District; Aquarion Water
Sanitation Rye Sewer Commission & private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Bay Ring; Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $10.22
2019 Equalization Ratio 85.3
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $8.68
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings95.8%
Commercial Land and Buildings3.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other0.4%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 3,059
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,585
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 176
Five or More Units in Structure 122
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 176
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 5,470 309,769
2010 5,298 295,223
2000 5,197 278,748
1990 4,461 246,744
1980 4,508 190,345
1970 4,083 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   2,888 Female:   2,578
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 174
Age 5 to 19 661
Age 20 to 34 523
Age 35 to 54 1,314
Age 55 to 64 1,240
Age 65 and over 1,554
Median Age 55.4 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 98.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 62.1%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $86,541
Median family income $143,341
Median household income $112,054
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $94,453
Female $63,659
Individuals below the poverty level 4.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 2,693 3,478
Employed 2,548 3,408
Unemployed 145 70
Unemployment Rate 5.4% 2.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 44 23
Average Weekly Wage $675 $1,559
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 925 1,132
Average Weekly Wage $589 $949
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 969 1,154
Average Weekly Wage $593 $961
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 252 208
Average Weekly Wage $732 $1,036
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,221 1,362
Average Weekly Wage $622 $973

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Rye operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19 Region: 19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 3-12
Total Enrollment 272 127 60
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 99
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Town of Rye Municipal services 61 1726
Petey's Restaurant Seasonal restaurant
Rye Airfield Skate park & BMX bikes
Wentworth by the Sea Country Club Golf course
Sanctuary Care Memory care
TD Bank Banking services
Rye Public Schools Education
Sagamore Veterinary Clinic Animal health care services
Abenaqui Country Club Golf course
Webster at Rye Rehabilitation & assisted living

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 1
State Routes 1A
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
Distance 5 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Hampton AirfieldRunway2,100 ft. turf
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 43 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 40 miles
Portland, ME 59 miles
Boston, MA 57 miles
New York City, NY 268 miles
Montreal, Quebec 294 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 74.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.5%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 1.5%
Other Means 19.3%
Worked at home 12.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.5 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 30.6%
Commuting to another NH community 57.2%
Commuting out-of-state 12.2%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): McIntyre, Gunstock
Other: Whale Watches, Odiorne Point; Wallis Sands; Jenness & Rye State Parks; State Harbor

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 5/24/16

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964