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Rye, NH

rye New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Rye
Michael Magnant, Town Administrator
10 Central Road
Rye, NH 03870
Telephone (603) 964-5523
Fax (603) 964-1516
E-mail mmagnant@town.rye.nh.us
Web Site www.town.rye.nh.us/

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 4:30 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District 1
Executive Council District 3
State Senate District 24
State Representative Rockingham County District 24

Incorporated: 1726
Origin: Rye was the site of the first settlement in New Hampshire, established by David Thompson in 1623 at Odiorne's Point, which he called Pannaway. This township was originally part of Portsmouth called Sandy Beach, and it was incorporated as a parish of New Castle in 1693 when that town separated form Portsmouth. In 1726 it was separated from New Castle, and incorporated as Rye, after the borough of Rye, a flourishing English Channel town. Rye's eight-mile length of coastline is dotted with old names such as Wallis Sands, Jenness Beach, Locke's Neck, Ragged Neck, Rye Harbor, and Odiorne Point. In 1876, the thriving village of Gosport on Star Island in the Isles of Shoals was annexed to the town. Rye is the only New Hampshire town with Atlantic islands, having annexed four of the Isles of Shoals; the remaining five islands belong to Maine.
Villages and Place Names: Jenness Beach, Odiorne Point, Foyes Corner, Langs Corner, Rye Beach, Rye Harbor, Rye North Beach, Wallis Sands, West Rye, Foss Beach
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 958 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Rye totaled 2,196 over 57 years, from 3,244 in 1960 to 5,440 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was a 26 percent increase between 1960 and 1970; the smallest, a two percent increase between 2000 and 2010. The 2017 Census estimate for Rye was 5,440 residents, which ranked 63rd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 430.4 persons per square mile of land area. Rye contains 12.6 square miles of land area and 0.5 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2017 $13,530,966
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $14,020,044
Zoning Ordinance 1953/13
Master Plan 2016
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Zoning
Appointed:Conservation; Historic District; Mosquito; Heritage; Recreation
Public Library Rye Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full & part-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 6 miles 209

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Rye Water District; Aquarion Water
Sanitation Rye Sewer Commission & private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Bay Ring; Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $10.11
2017 Equalization Ratio 93.9
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $9.46
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings95.9%
Commercial Land and Buildings3.9%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other0.4%

(ACS 2013-2017) Housing
Total Housing Units 2,675
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,301
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 79
Five or More Units in Structure 144
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 151
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 5,440 306,363
2010 5,298 295,223
2000 5,197 278,748
1990 4,461 246,744
1980 4,508 190,345
1970 4,083 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   2,757 Female:   2,644
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 157
Age 5 to 19 766
Age 20 to 34 658
Age 35 to 54 1,408
Age 55 to 64 1,079
Age 65 and over 1,333
Median Age 52.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 95.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 52.4%

(ACS 2013-2017) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $62,850
Median family income $128,101
Median household income $103,792
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $71,016
Female $60,417
Individuals below the poverty level 4.6%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 2,708 3,406
Employed 2,624 3,339
Unemployed 84 67
Unemployment Rate 3.1% 2.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n $22
Average Weekly Wage n $1,486
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n $1,069
Average Weekly Wage n $925
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $969 $1,091
Average Weekly Wage $595 $936
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $269 $204
Average Weekly Wage $628 $1,001
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $1,239 $1,295
Average Weekly Wage $602 $946

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Rye operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19 Region: 19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 3-12
Total Enrollment 286 132 49
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 159
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Town of Rye Municipal services 61 1726
Petey's Restaurant Seasonal restaurant
Rye Airfield Skate park & BMX bikes
Wentworth by the Sea Country Club Golf course
Sanctuary Care Memory care
TD Bank Banking services
Rye Public Schools Education
Sagamore Veterinary Clinic Animal health care services
Abenaqui Country Club Golf course
Webster at Rye Rehabilitation & assisted living

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 1
State Routes 1A
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
Distance 5 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Hampton AirfieldRunway2,100 ft. turf
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 43 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 40 miles
Portland, ME 59 miles
Boston, MA 57 miles
New York City, NY 268 miles
Montreal, Quebec 294 miles

(ACS 2013-2017) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 75.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 7.4%
Public transportation 0.5%
Walked 1.0%
Other Means 1.3%
Worked at home 13.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 26.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 22.3%
Commuting to another NH community 67.8%
Commuting out-of-state 9.9%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): McIntyre, Gunstock
Other: Whale Watches, Odiorne Point; Wallis Sands; Jenness & Rye State Parks; State Harbor

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 5/24/16

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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