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Rochester, NH

rochester New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Rochester Department of Economic Development
Michael Scala, Director Economic Development
31 Wakefield Street, City Hall
Rochester, NH 03867-1917
Telephone (603) 335-7522
Fax (603) 330-0027
E-mail Michael.Scala@rochesternh.net
Web Site www.rochesternh.net

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 5 pm

County Strafford
Labor Market Area Dover-Durham, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Lakes
Planning Commission Strafford Regional
Regional Development Southeast Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1 (All Wards)
Executive Council District District 2 (All Wards)
State Senate District District 6 (All Wards)
State Representative Strafford County Districts 7, 22 (Ward 1) 9, 23 (Ward 2) 10, 23 (Ward 3) 11, 24 (Ward 4) 12, 24 (Ward 5) 8, 22 (Ward 6)

Incorporated: 1722
Origin: This town was one of four granted by Samuel Shute during his brief term as Governor of Massachusetts, which at the time included the New Hampshire province. The 1722 grant included what is now Farmington and Milton, and was named for a close friend of Governor Shute, Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, who was a brother-in-law to King James II. The first settlers arrived in 1728, but due to trouble with Indians, the settlement didn't experience any growth until about 1760. Rochester was incorporated as a city in 1891. It includes the village of Gonic, named for the Indian Squamanagona, meaning day and water.
Villages and Place Names: East Rochester, Gonic
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 2,857 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Rochester, the ninth largest numeric increase among the cities and towns, totaled 13,588 over 49 years, from 17,938 in 1970 to 31,526 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 24 percent increase between 1980 and 1990. The 2019 Census estimate for Rochester was 31,526 residents, which ranked sixth among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 703.2 persons per square mile of land area. Rochester contains 44.8 square miles of land area and 0.6 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Council/Manager
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $48,868,269
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $72,195,431
Zoning Ordinance 1984/07
Master Plan 2001
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council; Police; School
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Library; Conservation; Economic Development; Industrial Development; Arena; Historic; Utility; Arts & Culture
Public Library East Rochester Public; Rochester Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Frisbie Memorial, Rochester Local 96

Electric Supplier PSNH
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier Municipal
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $24.90
2019 Equalization Ratio 99.0
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $23.54
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings71.6%
Commercial Land and Buildings24.7%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.7%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 13,522
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 7,212
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 2,041
Five or More Units in Structure 2,019
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 2,250
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 31,526 130,633
2010 29,752 123,143
2000 28,563 112,676
1990 26,722 104,348
1980 21,560 85,408
1970 17,938 70,431
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   15,423 Female:   15,532
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 1,243
Age 5 to 19 5,587
Age 20 to 34 6,036
Age 35 to 54 8,168
Age 55 to 64 4,352
Age 65 and over 5,569
Median Age 41.8 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 89.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 21.7%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $32,024
Median family income $74,767
Median household income $62,179
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $48,635
Female $43,308
Individuals below the poverty level 10.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 17,201 17,992
Employed 15,945 17,559
Unemployed 1,256 433
Unemployment Rate 7.3% 2.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 1,613 2,370
Average Weekly Wage $907 $1,307
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 8,171 8,697
Average Weekly Wage $636 $797
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 9,784 11,067
Average Weekly Wage $680 $906
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 1,417 1,415
Average Weekly Wage $725 $861
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 11,201 12,483
Average Weekly Wage $686 $901

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Rochester operates grades K-12 SAU 54
Career Technology Center(s): R.W. Creteau Regional Technology Ctr (Rochester) Region: 12
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 8 1 2 4
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 9-12 P K 1-12
Total Enrollment 1,858 922 1,437 178
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 19 Total Capacity: 1,099
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH; Granite State

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
City of Rochester Municipal services 387 1891
Frisbie Memorial Hospital Health care services 1,048 1919
Albany/SAFRAN Engineered Composites Aerospace engineered products 750 1985
Hannaford Brothers - 2 locations Supermarket 264 1963
Wal-Mart Supercenter Retail store, supermarket 300 1970
Market Basket - 2 locations Supermarket 450 1996
Next Phase Medical (fka Phase 2 Medical) Medical devise manufacturing 180 1995
Laars Technologies Boilers & water heaters 165 1984
City of Rochester - Schools Education 821 1751
Eastern Propane & Oil Retail propane & oil 178 1989

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 202
State Routes 11, 16, 108, 125, 202A
Nearest Interstate, Exit Spaulding Tpk., Exits 12-16; I-95, Exit 5
Distance Local access; 21 miles
Railroad NH Northcoast
Public Transportation COAST
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Skyhaven, RochesterRunway4,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 46 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 43 miles
Portland, ME 53 miles
Boston, MA 75 miles
New York City, NY 285 miles
Montreal, Quebec 271 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 80.1%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 10.5%
Public transportation 1.9%
Walked 1.1%
Other Means 6.1%
Worked at home 11.1%
Mean Travel Time to Work 27.2 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 31.8%
Commuting to another NH community 57.1%
Commuting out-of-state 11.1%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Rochester Opera House; Skyhaven Airport; Rochester Farmer's Market; History Museum; Oktoberfest; Public Art Downtown; Concerts on the Common; Comic Book Day; Wings & Wheels; Historic Homes & Inns; Rochester Museum of Art (RMFA); Roger Allen Park; Walking Trails; Rochester Performing Arts Center; Trick or Treat/Zombie Walk; Dinner Theater Events; River Walk; Kayaking

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 8/4/20

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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