NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Rochester, NH

rochester New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Rochester Department of Economic Development
Karen Pollard, Economic Development Manager
31 Wakefield Street, City Hall
Rochester, NH 03867-1917
Telephone (603) 335-7522
Fax (603) 335-7597
E-mail karen.pollard@rochesternh.net
Web Site www.rochesternh.net

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 5 pm

County Strafford
Labor Market Area Dover-Durham, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Lakes
Planning Commission Strafford Regional
Regional Development Southeast Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District 1 (All Wards)
Executive Council District 2 (All Wards)
State Senate District 6 (All Wards)
State Representative Strafford County Districts 7, 22 (Ward 1) 9, 23 (Ward 2) 10, 23 (Ward 3) 11, 24 (Ward 4) 12, 24 (Ward 5) 8, 22 (Ward 6)

Incorporated: 1722
Origin: This town was one of four granted by Samuel Shute during his brief term as Governor of Massachusetts, which at the time included the New Hampshire province. The 1722 grant included what is now Farmington and Milton, and was named for a close friend of Governor Shute, Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester, who was a brother-in-law to King James II. The first settlers arrived in 1728, but due to trouble with Indians, the settlement didn't experience any growth until about 1760. Rochester was incorporated as a city in 1891. It includes the village of Gonic, named for the Indian Squamanagona, meaning day and water.
Villages and Place Names: East Rochester, Gonic
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 2,857 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Rochester, the ninth largest numeric increase among the cities and towns, totaled 14,870 over 57 years, from 15,927 in 1960 to 30,797 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was a 24 percent increase between 1980 and 1990. The 2017 Census estimate for Rochester was 30,797 residents, which ranked sixth among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 687.0 persons per square mile of land area. Rochester contains 44.8 square miles of land area and 0.6 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Council/Manager
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2018 $37,236,358
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $60,840,549
Zoning Ordinance 1984/07
Master Plan 2001
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council; Police; School
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Library; Conservation; Economic Development; Industrial Development; Arena; Historic; Utility; Arts & Culture
Public Library East Rochester Public; Rochester Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Frisbie Memorial, Rochester Local 96

Electric Supplier PSNH
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier Municipal
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $26.33
2017 Equalization Ratio 94.9
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $24.06
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings74.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings22.5%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other4.1%

(ACS 2012-2016) Housing
Total Housing Units 13,718
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 6,932
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 2,500
Five or More Units in Structure 2,019
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 2,267
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 30,797 128,613
2010 29,752 123,143
2000 28,563 112,676
1990 26,722 104,348
1980 21,560 85,408
1970 17,938 70,431
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2012-2016
Population by Gender
Male:   14,623 Female:   15,429
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 1,601
Age 5 to 19 4,685
Age 20 to 34 6,316
Age 35 to 54 8,335
Age 55 to 64 3,862
Age 65 and over 5,253
Median Age 41.6 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 89.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%

(ACS 2012-2016) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $28,302
Median family income $65,260
Median household income $50,759
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $43,228
Female $38,443
Individuals below the poverty level 11.7%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 16,702 17,218
Employed 16,100 16,818
Unemployed 602 400
Unemployment Rate 3.6% 2.3%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2006 2016
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $1,790 $2,072
Average Weekly Wage $818 $1,296
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $8,147 $8,442
Average Weekly Wage $611 $742
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $9,937 $10,514
Average Weekly Wage $649 $851
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $1,312 $1,414
Average Weekly Wage $668 $804
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $11,250 $11,928
Average Weekly Wage $651 $845

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Rochester operates grades K-12 SAU 54
Career Technology Center(s): R.W. Creteau Regional Technology Ctr (Rochester) Region: 12
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 8 1 2 3
Grade Levels P K 1-5 6-8 9-12 K 1-12
Total Enrollment 1,867 917 1,440 151
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 21 Total Capacity: 1,061
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH; Granite State

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
City of Rochester Municipal services 359 1891
Frisbie Memorial Hospital Health care services 1,060 1919
Albany Engineered Composites Aerospace engineered products 475 1985
Hannaford Brothers - 2 locations Supermarket 264 1963
Wal-Mart Supercenter Retail store, supermarket 300 1970
Market Basket - 2 locations Supermarket 569 1996
Phase 2 Medical Medical devise manufacturer 160 1995
Laars Heating Systems Co. Boilers & water heaters 160 1984
City of Rochester - Schools Education 806 1751
Eastern Propane & Oil Retail propane & oil 178 1989

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 202
State Routes 11, 16, 108, 125, 202A
Nearest Interstate, Exit Spaulding Tpk., Exits 12-16; I-95, Exit 5
Distance Local access; 21 miles
Railroad NH Northcoast
Public Transportation COAST
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Skyhaven, RochesterRunway4,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 46 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 43 miles
Portland, ME 53 miles
Boston, MA 75 miles
New York City, NY 285 miles
Montreal, Quebec 271 miles

(ACS 2012-2016) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 81.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.5%
Public transportation 2.6%
Walked 1.8%
Other Means 1.0%
Worked at home 3.1%
Mean Travel Time to Work 26.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2012-2016)
Working in community of residence 32.6%
Commuting to another NH community 58.8%
Commuting out-of-state 8.6%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Cinemas
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Rochester Fair; Live Performances; Opera House; Skyhaven Airport; Rochester Farmer's Market; History Museum; Oktoberfest; Public Art Downtown; Concerts on the Common; Comic Book Day; Lunchtime Concerts; Historic Homes & Inns; Rochester Museum of Art (RMFA); Roger Allen Park; Walking Trails

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security,December 2018. Community Response Received 7/19/17

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only