NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Northumberland, NH

northumberland New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Northumberland
Tammy Letson, Town Administrator
19 Main Street
Groveton, NH 03582
Telephone (603) 636-1450
Fax (603) 636-6098
E-mail t.letson@northumberlandnh.org
Web Site www.northumberlandnh.org

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Office, Town Clerk/Tax Collector: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, 8-4, Thursday, 8-12

County Coos
Labor Market Area Littleton, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coos Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coos County District 1

Incorporated: 1779
Origin: This town was first granted in 1761 as Stonington, probably due to Governor Benning Wentworth's relationship with shipbuilding interests in Stonington, Connecticut. By 1767, only a few of the grantees had settled there. The territory was regranted by Governor John Wentworth in 1771 as Northumberland in honor of Hugh Smithson, first Duke of Northumberland. The Duke's son, James Smithson, is remembered for leaving a legacy of more than a half million dollars for the founding of Smithsonian Institution.
Villages and Place Names: Groveton
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 117 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Northumberland totaled a negative 415 over 50 years, from 2,493 in 1970 down to 2,078 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Northumberland was 2,139 residents, which ranked 135th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 58.2 persons per square mile of land area. Northumberland contains 36.7 square miles of land area and 0.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2022 $388,640
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2022 $6,191,770
Zoning Ordinance 1959/20
Master Plan 2014
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Library; Trust Funds; Treasurer; School; Tax Collection; Precinct; Cemetery; Checklist; Moderator
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Recreation; Cemetery Sexton; Road Agent
Public Library Northumberland Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Full-time Chief & volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster 11 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Groveton Water System; Lost Nation Water System
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $33.06
2022 Equalization Ratio 48.4
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $15.71
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings50.0%
Commercial Land and Buildings12.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other37.8%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 977
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 691
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 128
Five or More Units in Structure 42
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 116
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 2,139 31,504
2020 2,126 31,268
2010 2,288 33,055
2000 2,440 33,156
1990 2,495 34,879
1980 2,520 35,014
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   879 Female:   950
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 110
Age 5 to 19 254
Age 20 to 34 270
Age 35 to 54 450
Age 55 to 64 329
Age 65 and over 416
Median Age 48.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 1,393
High school graduate or higher 87.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.5%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $27,936
Median family income $66,806
Median household income $50,417
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $43,281
Female $37,656
Individuals below the poverty level 11.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 1,102 1,039
Employed 1,019 1,000
Unemployed 83 39
Unemployment Rate 7.5% 3.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 5 83
Average Weekly Wage $591 $845
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 113 195
Average Weekly Wage $575 $667
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 118 277
Average Weekly Wage $575 $720
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 153 142
Average Weekly Wage $636 $840
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 271 419
Average Weekly Wage $610 $760

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Northumberland operates grades K-12 SAU 58
Career Technology Center(s): Hugh J. Gallen Career & Technical Center; White Mountains RHS
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1
Grade Levels K 1-5 6-8 9-12 9-12
Total Enrollment 127 72 118
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 40
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State; Lyndon State (VT)

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Perras Ace Hardware store 22 1987
Ocean State Job Lots Department store 15 2006
Normandeau Trucking & Debris Disposal Trash Removal and moving services 10 1996
Prima America Bio/Diesel Fuel Mfg. 16 2010
North Country Shop 'n Save Supermarket 15 2000
Dollar General Department store 4 2013
Batch's Convenience Store Convenience store , gas 4 2015
Riverside Speedway & Adventure Park Race track, adventure park, camping 2017
NSA Industries Precision machining, metal fabrication, powder coating 60 2017
Robotec, USA Lumber Equipment Manufacturing 30 2019

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes 110
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 41
Distance 30 miles
Railroad State owned line
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Mt Washington Reg, WhitefieldRunway4,001 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 99 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 125 miles
Portland, ME 126 miles
Boston, MA 176 miles
New York City, NY 358 miles
Montreal, Quebec 149 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 849
Drove alone, car/truck/van 72.4%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.9%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 5.5%
Other Means 2.1%
Worked at home 10.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 21.4 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 27.1%
Commuting to another NH community 68.1%
Commuting out-of-state 4.8%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Wildcat, Bretton Woods, Cannon
Other: Meeting House; Covered Bridge; Auto Race Track; Train Caboose; Canoe access; Snowmobile Trail access; White Mtn Forest Trail; ATV trail access

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 7/13/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964