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New Castle, NH

newcastle New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of New Castle
Administrative Assistant
PO Box 367
New Castle, NH 03854
Telephone (603) 431-6710 x10
Fax (603) 433-6198
E-mail adminasst@newcastlenh.org
Web Site www.newcastlenh.org

Municipal Office Hours Select Board: Monday to Thursday, 8-2; Town Clerk/Tax Collector: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, 8-12

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 21
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 22, 37

Incorporated: 1693
Origin: The largest of several islands at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, this town was originally known as Great Island. Chartered in 1679 as a parish of Portsmouth, it was incorporated in 1693 during the reign of William and Mary. For a number of years, this was the seat of government, where meetings of the governor and council were held. New Castle is unique in the state, being the only town made up entirely of islands, connected to the mainland by bridges. New Castle is home to the Wentworth-by-the-Sea Hotel, where delegates to the Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty of 1905 stayed during negotiations held at the nearby Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. The treaty negotiation and signing, which elevated Japan to an international power at the conclusion of the Russo-Japanese War, was held in the Portsmouth area at the specific invitation of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 534 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for New Castle totaled 21 over 50 years, from 975 in 1970 to 996 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for New Castle was 1,001 residents, which ranked 187th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 1,235.8 persons per square mile of land area. New Castle contains 0.8 square miles of land area and 1.3 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2022-2023 $9,870,643
Budget: School Appropriations, 2022-2023 $2,162,774
Zoning Ordinance 1954/21
Master Plan 2012
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectboard; Library; Cemetery; School; Budget; Trust Funds
Appointed:Planning; Conservation; Historic District; Zoning; Public Works
Public Library New Castle Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time & On-Call
Fire Department Full & part-time
Emergency Medical Service Full-time
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 173

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier City of Portsmouth; New Castle Water Works
Sanitation City of Portsmouth
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Comcast; First Light; Consolidated
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $4.50
2022 Equalization Ratio 88.7
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $3.99
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings89.9%
Commercial Land and Buildings9.9%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other0.2%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 533
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 456
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 61
Five or More Units in Structure 4
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 12
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 1,001 319,424
2020 1,000 314,176
2010 968 295,223
2000 1,012 278,748
1990 843 246,744
1980 936 190,345
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   412 Female:   405
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 38
Age 5 to 19 121
Age 20 to 34 48
Age 35 to 54 146
Age 55 to 64 181
Age 65 and over 283
Median Age 57.4 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 652
High school graduate or higher 97.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 72.4%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $130,336
Median family income $246,181
Median household income $150,875
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $181,389
Female $86,563
Individuals below the poverty level 3.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 529 557
Employed 510 545
Unemployed 19 12
Unemployment Rate 3.6% 2.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n 0
Average Weekly Wage n $0
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 241
Average Weekly Wage n $1,000
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 272 241
Average Weekly Wage $572 $1,000
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 45 68
Average Weekly Wage $1,092 $957
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 317 309
Average Weekly Wage $646 $991

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: New Castle operates grades K-6; grades 7 & 8 are tuitioned to Rye; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50; 52
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-5 9-12
Total Enrollment 26
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Wentworth Hotel Hotel, spa 100
Wentworth Marina Marina 12
UNH Marine Lab School lab 12

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 1B
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 7
Distance 4 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease InternationalRunway11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Boston-Logan International Distance 58.4 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 44
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 48 miles
Portland, ME 54 miles
Boston, MA 59 miles
New York City, NY 270 miles
Montreal, Quebec 302 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 331
Drove alone, car/truck/van 63.4%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 0.0%
Public transportation 0.9%
Walked 0.9%
Other Means 2.7%
Worked at home 32.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 24.8 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 39.3%
Commuting to another NH community 42.0%
Commuting out-of-state 18.7%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Fort Constitution & Fort Stark

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 6/15/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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