NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Litchfield, NH

litchfield New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Litchfield
Theresa Briand, Town Clerk/Tax Collector
Two Liberty Way, Suite 3
Litchfield, NH 03052
Telephone (603) 424-4045
Fax (603) 424-8154
E-mail townclerk@litchfieldnh.gov
Web Site http://litchfieldnh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen, Building Dept.: Monday through Friday, 8 am - 4 pm; Town Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, 10 am - 6 pm, Tuesday through Friday, 7:30 am - 3 pm

County Hillsborough
Labor Market Area Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division
Tourism Region Merrimack Valley
Planning Commission Nashua Regional
Regional Development Regional Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District 2
Executive Council District 5
State Senate District 18
State Representative Hillsborough County Districts 20, 44

Incorporated: 1734
Origin: This town is situated on the east bank of the Merrimack River and maintains its agricultural heritage to this day. It was known as Naticook until 1729 when the land was granted to William Brenton, Governor of Rhode Island and son-in-law to that state's Governor Cranston, and renamed Brenton's Farm. In 1734 the town was separated from Dunstable, which had been granted by the Massachusetts government, and named Litchfield in honor of George Henry Lee, Earl of Litchfield. The town was incorporated under the New Hampshire government as Litchfield in 1749. Litchfield was the opposite landing-site of Thornton's Ferry, originating across the Merrimack River in the town of Merrimack.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 357 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Litchfield had the fourth largest percent change in population, growing over 11 times larger. Population change totaled 7,781 over 57 years, from 721 in 1960 to 8,502 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was 192 percent between 1970 and 1980, followed by a 97 percent increase the previous decade. The 2017 Census estimate for Litchfield was 8,502 residents, which ranked 37th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 569.8 persons per square mile of land area. Litchfield contains 15.0 square miles of land area and 0.4 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2018 $6,370,764
Budget: School Appropriations, 2018-2019 $23,583,174
Zoning Ordinance 1957/09
Master Plan 2010
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Library; Cemetery
Public Library Aaron Cutler Memorial

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Southern NH Medical Center, Nashua 9 miles 162
St. Joseph Hospital, Nashua 10 miles 126
Elliot Hospital, Manchester 10 miles 258

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Liberty Utilities
Water Supplier Pennichuck East
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $22.49
2017 Equalization Ratio 87.6
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $19.92
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings92.3%
Commercial Land and Buildings3.7%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other4.5%

(ACS 2013-2017) Housing
Total Housing Units 3,080
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,684
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 164
Five or More Units in Structure 171
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 61
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 8,502 409,697
2010 8,271 400,721
2000 7,423 382,384
1990 5,441 336,549
1980 4,150 276,608
1970 1,420 223,941
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   4,392 Female:   4,032
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 383
Age 5 to 19 1,929
Age 20 to 34 1,141
Age 35 to 54 2,799
Age 55 to 64 1,029
Age 65 and over 1,143
Median Age 41.5 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 93.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 35.8%

(ACS 2013-2017) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $39,208
Median family income $108,817
Median household income $93,715
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $72,954
Female $51,583
Individuals below the poverty level 3.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 5,200 4,631
Employed 5,033 4,491
Unemployed 167 140
Unemployment Rate 3.2% 3.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $180 $223
Average Weekly Wage $1,182 $1,453
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $229 $398
Average Weekly Wage $625 $711
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $409 $621
Average Weekly Wage $870 $977
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $325 $343
Average Weekly Wage $693 $799
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $734 $964
Average Weekly Wage $792 $914

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Litchfield operates grades K-12 SAU 27
Career Technology Center(s): Milford HS & Applied Technology Center; Wilbur H. Palmer Career & Tech Ed Center (Hudson); Nashua Technology Center Region: 16
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1 2
Grade Levels P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 P K 1-12
Total Enrollment 422 418 458 222
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 6 Total Capacity: 229
Nearest Community/Technical College: Manchester; Nashua
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Daniel Webster; Rivier; Thomas More; St. Anselm

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
NE Small Tube Manufacturing 70

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 3A, 102
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-293, Exit 2; I-93, Exit 4
Distance 7 miles; 9 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Manchester-Boston RegionalRunway9,250 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 6 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 12 miles
Portland, ME 104 miles
Boston, MA 48 miles
New York City, NY 242 miles
Montreal, Quebec 269 miles

(ACS 2013-2017) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 85.1%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 8.3%
Public transportation 0.6%
Walked 1.4%
Other Means 0.4%
Worked at home 4.1%
Mean Travel Time to Work 30.7 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 10.6%
Commuting to another NH community 68.8%
Commuting out-of-state 20.6%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): McIntyre

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 5/21/15

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only