NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Litchfield, NH

litchfield New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Litchfield
Theresa Briand, Town Clerk/Tax Collector
Two Liberty Way, Suite 3
Litchfield, NH 03052
Telephone (603) 424-4045
Fax (603) 424-8154
E-mail townclerk@litchfieldnh.gov
Web Site http://litchfieldnh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen, Town Administrator, Town Clerk/Tax Collector, Building Dept.: Monday to Friday, 8-4

County Hillsborough
Labor Market Area Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division
Tourism Region Merrimack Valley
Planning Commission Nashua Regional
Regional Development Regional Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 5
State Senate District District 18
State Representative Hillsborough County Districts 14, 38

Incorporated: 1734
Origin: This town is situated on the east bank of the Merrimack River and maintains its agricultural heritage to this day. It was known as Naticook until 1729 when the land was granted to William Brenton, Governor of Rhode Island and son-in-law to that state's Governor Cranston, and renamed Brenton's Farm. In 1734 the town was separated from Dunstable, which had been granted by the Massachusetts government, and named Litchfield in honor of George Henry Lee, Earl of Litchfield. The town was incorporated under the New Hampshire government as Litchfield in 1749. Litchfield was the opposite landing-site of Thornton's Ferry, originating across the Merrimack River in the town of Merrimack.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 357 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Litchfield totaled 7,077 over 50 years, from 1,420 in 1970 to 8,497 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Litchfield was 8,515 residents, which ranked 37th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 570.7 persons per square mile of land area. Litchfield contains 15.0 square miles of land area and 0.4 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $7,535,433
Budget: School Appropriations, 2021-2022 $24,557,234
Zoning Ordinance 1957/09
Master Plan 2017
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Town Clerk/Tax Collector
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Library; Cemetery; Road Agent; Fire Chief
Public Library Aaron Cutler Memorial

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service On-call
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Southern NH Medical Center, Nashua 9 miles 163
St. Joseph Hospital, Nashua 10 miles 159
Elliot Hospital, Manchester 10 miles 292

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Liberty Utilities
Water Supplier Pennichuck East
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $19.03
2022 Equalization Ratio 73.1
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $13.79
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings90.1%
Commercial Land and Buildings5.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other4.6%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 3,012
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,702
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 72
Five or More Units in Structure 145
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 93
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 8,515 426,594
2020 8,478 422,937
2010 8,271 400,721
2000 7,423 382,384
1990 5,441 336,549
1980 4,150 276,608
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   4,370 Female:   4,097
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 517
Age 5 to 19 1,701
Age 20 to 34 1,364
Age 35 to 54 2,321
Age 55 to 64 1,214
Age 65 and over 1,350
Median Age 40.7 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 6,021
High school graduate or higher 93.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 44.2%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $47,975
Median family income $126,193
Median household income $122,139
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $96,500
Female $46,756
Individuals below the poverty level 0.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 4,541 4,814
Employed 4,273 4,685
Unemployed 268 129
Unemployment Rate 5.9% 2.7%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 199 236
Average Weekly Wage $1,141 $1,551
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 354 404
Average Weekly Wage $723 $1,302
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 553 639
Average Weekly Wage $873 $1,394
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 334 335
Average Weekly Wage $766 $935
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 887 974
Average Weekly Wage $833 $1,236

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Litchfield operates grades K-12 SAU 27
Career Technology Center(s): Milford HS & Applied Technology Center; Wilbur H. Palmer Career & Tech Ed Center (Hudson); Nashua Technology Center
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1 2
Grade Levels P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 9-12
Total Enrollment 437 355 412 259
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 3 Total Capacity: 152
Nearest Community/Technical College: Manchester; Nashua
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Rivier; Thomas More; St. Anselm; UNH Manchester; MCPHS; Southern NH University

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
NE Small Tube Manufacturing 70
Keystone Automotive Industries Auto parts 40 2018
Optimum Building Systems Drywall
Mel's Funway Park Amusement
Proscapes LLC Landscaping
Chik Farm Woodworking
iRoof LLC Roofing

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 3A, 102
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-293, Exit 2; I-93, Exit 4
Distance 7 miles; 9 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Manchester-Boston RegionalRunway9,250 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 6 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 12 miles
Portland, ME 104 miles
Boston, MA 48 miles
New York City, NY 242 miles
Montreal, Quebec 269 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 4,243
Drove alone, car/truck/van 77.8%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.6%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 1.6%
Other Means 0.3%
Worked at home 16.6%
Mean Travel Time to Work 32.4 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 21.7%
Commuting to another NH community 60.1%
Commuting out-of-state 18.2%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): McIntyre

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 7/1/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964