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Community Profiles

Lancaster, NH

lancaster New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Lancaster
Edward Samson, Town Manager
25 Main Street
Lancaster, NH 03584
Telephone (603) 788-3391
Fax (603) 788-2114
E-mail info@lancasternh.org
Web Site www.lancasternh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 8:30 am - 5 pm, Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Littleton, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District 2
Executive Council District 1
State Senate District 1
State Representative Coös County Districts 4, 7

Incorporated: 1763
Origin: Lancaster was first granted to Captain David Page and others in 1763, an early settlement on the northern portion of the Connecticut River. The town was subject to many Indian troubles, and a grant renewal was issued in 1769. The town was named for Lancaster, Massachusetts, hometown of Joseph Wilder, an early settler. Reverend Joshua Weeks, also a grantee, was among the group of explorers who named the mountains in the Presidential Range. Another resident was Benjamin Sawyer, who, with Timothy Nash, discovered the White Mountain Notch, making a shorter route to Portland possible.
Villages and Place Names: Coos Junction, Grange, Lost Nation, South Lancaster
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 161 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Lancaster totaled 121 over 57 years, from 3,138 in 1960 to 3,259 in 2017. The largest decennial percent change was seven percent occurring between 1970 and 1980, and between 2000 and 2010. The 2017 Census estimate for Lancaster was 3,259 residents, which ranked 106th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2017 (US Census Bureau): 64.9 persons per square mile of land area. Lancaster contains 50.2 square miles of land area and 1.0 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2018 $6,555,470
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $21,464,687
Zoning Ordinance 1908/05
Master Plan 2011
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Library; Town Clerk
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Tax Collector
Public Library Weeks Memorial

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster Local 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Lancaster Water Department
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal & private
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2017 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $26.34
2017 Equalization Ratio 110.1
2017 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $29.19
2017 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings70.6%
Commercial Land and Buildings23.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other6.3%

(ACS 2013-2017) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,601
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,018
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 209
Five or More Units in Structure 128
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 246
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2017 3,259 31,634
2010 3,507 33,055
2000 3,285 33,156
1990 3,532 34,879
1980 3,401 35,014
1970 3,166 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2013-2017
Population by Gender
Male:   1,678 Female:   1,663
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 158
Age 5 to 19 601
Age 20 to 34 602
Age 35 to 54 773
Age 55 to 64 555
Age 65 and over 652
Median Age 43.5 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 92.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 21.9%

(ACS 2013-2017) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $26,710
Median family income $62,794
Median household income $49,207
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $41,597
Female $37,156
Individuals below the poverty level 8.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2007 2017
Civilian Labor Force 1,757 1,675
Employed 1,688 1,633
Unemployed 69 42
Unemployment Rate 3.9% 2.5%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2007 2017
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment $256 $229
Average Weekly Wage $621 $790
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment $1,313 $1,100
Average Weekly Wage $632 $837
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $1,570 $1,329
Average Weekly Wage $630 $829
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $230 $255
Average Weekly Wage $607 $738
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $1,799 $1,584
Average Weekly Wage $627 $814

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of White Mountains Regional (Carroll, Dalton, Jefferson, Lancaster, Whitefield) SAU 36
Career Technology Center(s): Hugh J. Gallen Career & Technical Center (Littleton); White Mountains RHS (Whitefield) Region: 3
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-8 4-12
Total Enrollment 409 14
2017 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 4 Total Capacity: 132
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Littleton or Berlin

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Weeks Memorial Hospital Health care services 320
Country Village Health Care Health care services 112
Lancaster School Education 70
Pak Solutions Four color shopping bags 53 1987
Shaw's Supermarket Supermarket 48
Town of Lancaster Municipal services 40
North Country Ford Sales & Service Car dealership 21
Trividia Pharmaceutical 30 1868
Eversource Energy Utility 25
Salmon Press, LLC Newspaper 6

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 2, 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 41
Distance 20 miles
Railroad Boston & Maine
Public Transportation NCT
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Mt Washington Reg, WhitefieldRunway4,001 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 82 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 116 miles
Portland, ME 19 miles
Boston, MA 166 miles
New York City, NY 350 miles
Montreal, Quebec 170 miles

(ACS 2013-2017) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 78.6%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 10.9%
Public transportation 0.2%
Walked 1.2%
Other Means 2.1%
Worked at home 7.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 23.3 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2013-2017)
Working in community of residence 45.0%
Commuting to another NH community 49.0%
Commuting out-of-state 6.0%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Bretton Woods
Other: Outdoor Ice Skating Rink; Lancaster Fair; Weeks Historic Site; Farmers Market

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2019. Community Response Received 8/8/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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