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Groton, NH

groton New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Groton
Board of Selectmen
754 North Groton Road
Groton, NH 03241
Telephone (603) 744-9190
Fax (603) 744-3382
E-mail selectmen@grotonnh.org
Web Site www.grotonnh.org

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Office: Monday to Thursday, 8-4; Town Clerk/Tax Collector: Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday, 9-4, Tuesday, 12-7, or by appointment

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Plymouth, NH LMA
Tourism Region Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 2
State Senate District District 5
State Representative Grafton County Districts 11, 18

Incorporated: 1761
Origin: This area was named Cockermouth in 1761, after Charles Wyndham, Baron Cockermouth and Earl of Egremont, who succeeded William Pitt as Secretary of State. Few grantees took up their claims, and the land was regranted in 1766. These settlers also did not meet prescribed terms, but in 1772 Governor Wentworth renewed the charter for three years. In 1796, the town voted to change the name to Groton, and successfully petitioned the legislature to legally change the name. The name was suggested by Samuel Blood, for his hometown in Old Groton, which became a Massachusetts town when the boundary between the states was drawn in 1741.
Villages and Place Names: North Groton
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 373 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Groton totaled 450 over 50 years, from 120 in 1970 to 570 in 2020. The largest decennial percent change was a 113 percent increase from 1970 to 1980. The town's population declined by four percent from 2010 to 2020. The 2021 Census estimate for Groton was 574 residents, which ranked 215th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2021 (US Census Bureau): 14.1 persons per square mile of land area. Groton contains 40.7 square miles of land area and 0.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $2,388,784
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $931,485
Zoning Ordinance 2007/22
Master Plan 2017
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Zoning; Library
Public Library Groton Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Part-time Chief
Fire Department Rumney/Hebron - Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Rumney/Hebron - Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Speare Memorial, Plymouth 13 miles 25

Electric Supplier NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2021 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $8.97
2021 Equalization Ratio 97.8
2021 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $4.46
2021 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings86.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings0.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other12.6%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 381
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 319
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 0
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 62
(US Census Bureau) Population
(Decennial/ACS 2017-2021)
Total Population Community County
2021 464 91,025
2020 569 91,118
2010 593 89,118
2000 458 81,826
1990 318 74,998
1980 255 65,806
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   249 Female:   215
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 10
Age 5 to 19 70
Age 20 to 34 38
Age 35 to 54 138
Age 55 to 64 73
Age 65 and over 135
Median Age 51.5 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 374
High school graduate or higher 87.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 19.3%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $32,352
Median family income $67,396
Median household income $69,167
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $43,750
Female $46,691
Individuals below the poverty level 4.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2011 2021
Civilian Labor Force 333 357
Employed 322 342
Unemployed 11 15
Unemployment Rate 3.3% 4.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2011 2021
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 0 0
Average Weekly Wage $0 $0
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 0
Average Weekly Wage n $0
Total Private Industry
Average Employment n 0
Average Weekly Wage n $0
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 15 7
Average Weekly Wage $231 $514
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment n 7
Average Weekly Wage n $514

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Newfound Area (Alexandria, Bridgewater, Bristol, Danbury, Groton, Hebron, New Hampton) SAU 4
Career Technology Center(s): Plymouth Applied Technology Center
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
Grade Levels
Total Enrollment
2021 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: Lakes Region
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
TLC Tree & Crane Service Tree care 5 1980
Gordon Coursey & Sons LLC Logging, land clearing, log home/custom building 6 1975
Maxam Dynamite/explosives 6 2008
Groton Wind LLC (Iberdrola Renewables) Industrial wind turbines 6 2012

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 26
Distance 13 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Plymouth RegionalRunway2,380 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 36 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 73 miles
Portland, ME 101 miles
Boston, MA 118 miles
New York City, NY 305 miles
Montreal, Quebec 219 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 240
Drove alone, car/truck/van 68.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 12.9%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.0%
Other Means 2.9%
Worked at home 15.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 39.0 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 23.3%
Commuting to another NH community 67.5%
Commuting out-of-state 9.2%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Tenney Mountain
Other: Mary Baker Eddy Historic House; Sculptured Rocks Natural Area; North Groton Schoolhouse

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, April 2023. Community Response Received 5/10/22

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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