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Community Profiles

Greenland, NH

greenland New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Greenland
Matthew Scruton, Town Administrator
11 Town Square, PO Box 100
Greenland, NH 03840
Telephone (603) 431-7111
Fax (603) 430-3761
E-mail mscruton@greenland-nh.com
Web Site www.greenland-nh.com

Municipal Office Hours Town Clerk: Monday, 10 am - 6 pm, Tuesday through Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm, closed Thursday July & August; All other offices: Monday through Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 24
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 23, 31

Incorporated: 1721
Origin: One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth originating in 1638. It was probably named for Henry Greenland, a town officer. About 1704, residents requested having a minister and schoolmaster of their own, and to be exempted from supporting the church and school in Portsmouth. Greenland became a separate parish in 1705. In that same period, Leonard Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing. In 1721, Greenland was granted full town privileges, giving the leadership power to collect province taxes from residents.
Villages and Place Names: Bayside, Breakfast Hill, Camp Gundalow
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 634 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Greenland totaled 2,336 over 49 years, from 1,784in 1970 to 4,120 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 27 percent increase between 1980 and 1990. The 2019 Census estimate for Greenland was 4,120 residents, which ranked 94th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 390.9 persons per square mile of land area. Greenland contains 10.5 square miles of land area and 2.8 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2020 $5,973,143
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $11,852,126
Zoning Ordinance 1952/12
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Zoning
Appointed:Conservation; Recreation
Public Library Weeks Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full & part-time
Emergency Medical Service Full & part-time
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 209
Exeter Hospital, Exeter 8 miles 99

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; Exeter & Hampton
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier City of Portsmouth; Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $16.40
2019 Equalization Ratio 90.6
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $14.76
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings81.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings15.6%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.8%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,599
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,406
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 111
Five or More Units in Structure 57
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 25
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 4,120 309,769
2010 3,549 295,223
2000 3,227 278,748
1990 2,708 246,744
1980 2,129 190,345
1970 1,784 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   1,928 Female:   2,081
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 163
Age 5 to 19 846
Age 20 to 34 455
Age 35 to 54 1,163
Age 55 to 64 656
Age 65 and over 726
Median Age 45.2 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 98.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 54.6%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $52,504
Median family income $118,456
Median household income $115,833
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $90,833
Female $55,125
Individuals below the poverty level 4.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 2,095 2,486
Employed 1,991 2,425
Unemployed 104 61
Unemployment Rate 5.0% 2.5%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 421 315
Average Weekly Wage $1,033 $1,581
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,385 1,490
Average Weekly Wage $837 $1,035
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,806 1,804
Average Weekly Wage $883 $1,130
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 131 156
Average Weekly Wage $728 $892
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,937 1,960
Average Weekly Wage $872 $1,111

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Greenland operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19 Region: 19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-8
Total Enrollment 413
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 95
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Anson Sailmakers Sail manufacturer 1980
High Flying Flag Company Flags, banners 1981
Novel Iron Works Structural steel fabrication 1977
Boise Cascade Lumber Mill 2014
Cole Haan Corporate office/warehouse 200+/- 2007
Micro Art Graphic Design
Advanced Concrete U.S. Headquarters 30
Target Department store 100 2009
Lowes Home improvement center 100 2010
Tractor Supply Co. Rural retail store 100 2016

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 33, 151
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
Distance 2 miles
Railroad Maine Central
Public Transportation COAST
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease InternationalRunway11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 40 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 37 miles
Portland, ME 57 miles
Boston, MA 55 miles
New York City, NY 266 miles
Montreal, Quebec 292 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 86.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.9%
Public transportation 0.9%
Walked 1.3%
Other Means 7.6%
Worked at home 20.5%
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.7 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 15.3%
Commuting to another NH community 64.2%
Commuting out-of-state 20.5%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Sandy Point Discovery Center

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 8/4/20

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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