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Greenland, NH

greenland New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Greenland
Paul Sanderson, Town Administrator
11 Town Square, PO Box 100
Greenland, NH 03840
Telephone (603) 431-7111
Fax (603) 430-3761
E-mail psanderson@greenland-nh.com
Web Site www.greenland-nh.com

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Office: Monday to Friday, 8-4; Town Clerk/Tax Collector: Monday to Friday, 8:30-4, closed Thursdays in July and August

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 24
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 24, 38

Incorporated: 1721
Origin: One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth originating in 1638. It was probably named for Henry Greenland, a town officer. About 1704, residents requested having a minister and schoolmaster of their own, and to be exempted from supporting the church and school in Portsmouth. Greenland became a separate parish in 1705. In that same period, Leonard Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing. In 1721, Greenland was granted full town privileges, giving the leadership power to collect province taxes from residents.
Villages and Place Names: Bayside, Breakfast Hill, Camp Gundalow
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 634 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Greenland totaled 2,281 over 50 years, from 1,784 in 1970 to 4,065 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Greenland was 4,111 residents, which ranked 95th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 390.0 persons per square mile of land area. Greenland contains 10.5 square miles of land area and 2.8 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2022 $5,660,596
Budget: School Appropriations, 2022-2023 $12,832,290
Zoning Ordinance 1952/12
Master Plan 2021
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Zoning; Board of Adjustment
Appointed:Conservation; Recreation; Energy Aggregation
Public Library Weeks Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full & part-time
Emergency Medical Service Full & part-time
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 173
Exeter Hospital, Exeter 8 miles 99

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier City of Portsmouth; Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated; Comcast
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $18.09
2022 Equalization Ratio 60.3
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $10.85
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings81.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings15.4%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.1%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,597
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,459
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 100
Five or More Units in Structure 38
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 0
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 4,111 319,424
2020 4,067 314,176
2010 3,549 295,223
2000 3,227 278,748
1990 2,708 246,744
1980 2,129 190,345
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   2,019 Female:   1,987
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 132
Age 5 to 19 817
Age 20 to 34 479
Age 35 to 54 1,108
Age 55 to 64 701
Age 65 and over 769
Median Age 47.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 2,924
High school graduate or higher 98.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 50.2%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $62,127
Median family income $136,382
Median household income $124,695
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $105,469
Female $60,000
Individuals below the poverty level 4.6%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 2,102 2,474
Employed 2,002 2,418
Unemployed 100 56
Unemployment Rate 4.8% 2.3%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 349 333
Average Weekly Wage $1,334 $1,854
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,357 1,519
Average Weekly Wage $723 $1,287
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,706 1,852
Average Weekly Wage $848 $1,389
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 132 167
Average Weekly Wage $792 $996
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,838 2,019
Average Weekly Wage $844 $1,356

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Greenland operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-8 9-12
Total Enrollment 371
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 125
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Anson Sailmakers Sail manufacturer 1980
High Flying Flag Company Flags, banners 1981
Novel Iron Works Structural steel fabrication 1977
Boise Cascade Lumber distributor 2014
Cole Haan Corporate office/warehouse 200+/- 2007
Advanced Concrete U.S. Headquarters 30
Target Department store 100 2009
Lowes Home improvement center 100 2010
Tractor Supply Co. Rural retail store 100 2016

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 33, 151
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
Distance 2 miles
Railroad Maine Central
Public Transportation COAST
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease InternationalRunway11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 40 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 37 miles
Portland, ME 57 miles
Boston, MA 55 miles
New York City, NY 266 miles
Montreal, Quebec 292 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 2,234
Drove alone, car/truck/van 72.2%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.3%
Public transportation 0.6%
Walked 2.4%
Other Means 1.9%
Worked at home 19.6%
Mean Travel Time to Work 20.1 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 30.4%
Commuting to another NH community 55.6%
Commuting out-of-state 14.0%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Sandy Point Discovery Center

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 6/19/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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