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Community Profiles

Greenfield, NH

greenfield New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Greenfield Board of Selectmen
Board of Selectmen
PO Box 256
Greenfield, NH 03047
Telephone (603) 547-3442
Fax (603) 547-3004
E-mail greenfieldnhbos@myfairpoint.net
Web Site www.greenfield-nh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 9 am - 12 noon, 1 pm - 5 pm

County Hillsborough
Labor Market Area Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division
Tourism Region Monadnock
Planning Commission Southwest Region
Regional Development Monadnock Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 5
State Senate District District 9
State Representative Hillsborough County Districts 3, 38

Incorporated: 1791
Origin: This area was part of Cumberland or the Society Land which had been set aside by the Masonian Proprietors for their own estates. When first settled in 1753 by the Lynde family, it was known as Lyndeborough Addition. The Monadnock hills cut residents off from Lyndeborough's church and school, so in 1791 they petitioned for the right to form their own town. The name was chosen to indicate the town's location on a level, fertile ground between the hills. Greenfield is the location of the Crotched Mountain Foundation, a rehabilitation center for handicapped children; the Crotched Mountain Ski Area; and Greenfield State Park, on Otter Lake.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 934 residents in 1800
Population Trends: Population change for Greenfield totaled 1,339 over 58 years, from 538 in 1960 to 1,877 in 2018. The largest decennial percent change was a 55 percent increase between 1980 and 1990, the next two decades had increases of 11 percent and 5 percent respectively. The 2018 Census estimate for Greenfield was 1,877 residents, which ranked 145th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2018 (US Census Bureau): 70.9 persons per square mile of land area. Greenfield contains 26.5 square miles of land area and 0.6 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2017 $2,280,123
Budget: School Appropriations, 2017-2018 $2,691,576
Zoning Ordinance 1936/11
Master Plan 2005
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget
Appointed:Conservation; Library; Cemetery; Zoning; Recycle; Energy; Recreation
Public Library Stephenson Memorial

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Monadnock Community, Peterborough 6 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access No
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2018 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $29.97
2018 Equalization Ratio 91.9
2018 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $26.07
2018 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings92.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings5.1%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.9%

(ACS 2014-2018) Housing
Total Housing Units 760
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 623
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 64
Five or More Units in Structure 54
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 19
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2018 1,877 415,247
2010 1,749 400,721
2000 1,671 382,384
1990 1,506 336,549
1980 972 276,608
1970 1,058 233,941
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2014-2018
Population by Gender
Male:   887 Female:   878
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 51
Age 5 to 19 276
Age 20 to 34 283
Age 35 to 54 476
Age 55 to 64 312
Age 65 and over 367
Median Age 48.2 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 90.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 23.6%

(ACS 2014-2018) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $35,038
Median family income $82,917
Median household income $78,750
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $55,096
Female $49,500
Individuals below the poverty level 6.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2008 2018
Civilian Labor Force 1,037 1,036
Employed 1,002 1,016
Unemployed 35 20
Unemployment Rate 3.4% 1.9%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2008 2018
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n $92
Average Weekly Wage n $1,780
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n $687
Average Weekly Wage n $767
Total Private Industry
Average Employment $1,020 $780
Average Weekly Wage $677 $887
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment $37 $46
Average Weekly Wage $469 $580
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment $1,057 $825
Average Weekly Wage $670 $870

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Contoocook Valley Cooperative (Antrim, Bennington, Dublin, Francestown, Greenfield, Hancock, Peterborough, Sharon, Temple) SAU 1
Career Technology Center(s): Region 14 Applied Technology Center Region: 14
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 82 1
Grade Levels P K 1-4 P K 1-12
Total Enrollment 84 80
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 199
Nearest Community/Technical College: Manchester
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Franklin Pierce University; Keene State; New England

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Crotched Mountain Brain injury rehabilitation center 900 1953
American Steel Steel erection, fabrication 50+ 1981
Delays Harvester Market Convenience store 15
Greenfield State Park NH State Park 30
Brantwood Camp Summer camp 50

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 31, 136
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-89, Exit 5
Distance 29 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Hawthorne-Feather, AntrimRunway3,260 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 28 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 28 miles
Portland, ME 124 miles
Boston, MA 71 miles
New York City, NY 239 miles
Montreal, Quebec 253 miles

(ACS 2014-2018) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 82.7%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 4.5%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 2.3%
Other Means 10.5%
Worked at home 9.6%
Mean Travel Time to Work 32.1 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2014-2018)
Working in community of residence 20.9%
Commuting to another NH community 71.9%
Commuting out-of-state 7.2%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Pat's Peak, Crotched Mountain
Other: Two (2) Town Beaches; Greenfield State Park; Hiking

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2020. Community Response Received 6/5/18

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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