NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Greenfield, NH

greenfield New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Greenfield
Board of Selectmen
PO Box 256
Greenfield, NH 03047
Telephone (603) 547-3442
Fax (603) 547-3004
E-mail townadministrator@greenfield-nh.gov
Web Site www.greenfield-nh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 9 am - 12 noon, 1 pm - 5 pm

County Hillsborough
Labor Market Area Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division
Tourism Region Monadnock
Planning Commission Southwest Region
Regional Development Monadnock Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 5
State Senate District District 9
State Representative Hillsborough County District 31

Incorporated: 1791
Origin: This area was part of Cumberland or the Society Land which had been set aside by the Masonian Proprietors for their own estates. When first settled in 1753 by the Lynde family, it was known as Lyndeborough Addition. The Monadnock hills cut residents off from Lyndeborough's church and school, so in 1791 they petitioned for the right to form their own town. The name was chosen to indicate the town's location on a level, fertile ground between the hills. Greenfield is the location of the Crotched Mountain Foundation, a rehabilitation center for handicapped children; the Crotched Mountain Ski Area; and Greenfield State Park, on Otter Lake.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 934 residents in 1800
Population Trends: Population change for Greenfield totaled 738 over 41 years, from 972 in 1980 to 1,710 in 2021. The largest decennial percent change was a 55 percent increase between 1980 and 1990. The 2021 Census estimate for Greenfield was 1,710 residents, which ranked 154th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2021 (US Census Bureau): 64.6 persons per square mile of land area. Greenfield contains 26.5 square miles of land area and 0.6 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $2,888,621
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $3,965,713
Zoning Ordinance 1936/11
Master Plan 2017
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Library
Appointed:Budget; Conservation; Cemetery; Zoning; Recycle; Energy; Recreation
Public Library Stephenson Memorial

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Monadnock Community, Peterborough 6 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access No
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2021 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $26.80
2021 Equalization Ratio 79.5
2021 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $20.20
2021 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings92.4%
Commercial Land and Buildings4.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.8%

(ACS 2016-2020) Housing
Total Housing Units 751
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 624
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 54
Five or More Units in Structure 54
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 19
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2021 1,710 424,079
2020 1,701 422,705
2010 1,749 400,721
2000 1,671 382,384
1990 1,506 336,549
1980 972 276,608
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2016-2020
Population by Gender
Male:   886 Female:   936
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 82
Age 5 to 19 270
Age 20 to 34 282
Age 35 to 54 437
Age 55 to 64 388
Age 65 and over 363
Median Age 49.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 94.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 29.2%

(ACS 2016-2020) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $43,817
Median family income $95,972
Median household income $86,250
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $63,958
Female $52,900
Individuals below the poverty level 6.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2011 2021
Civilian Labor Force 955 1,016
Employed 904 983
Unemployed 51 33
Unemployment Rate 5.3% 3.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2011 2021
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n 116
Average Weekly Wage n $1,382
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 346
Average Weekly Wage n $862
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 905 462
Average Weekly Wage $727 $992
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 38 45
Average Weekly Wage $522 $624
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 942 507
Average Weekly Wage $718 $959

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Contoocook Valley Cooperative (Antrim, Bennington, Dublin, Francestown, Greenfield, Hancock, Peterborough, Sharon, Temple) SAU 1
Career Technology Center(s): Region 14 Applied Technology Center
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-4 P K 1-12
Total Enrollment 86 52
2021 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 89
Nearest Community/Technical College: Manchester
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Franklin Pierce University; Keene State; New England

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Legacy by Gersh School for Autistic Student 200 2021
American Steel Steel erection, fabrication 50+ 1981
Delays Harvester Market Convenience store 15
Greenfield State Park NH State Park 30
Brantwood Camp Summer camp 50

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 31, 136
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-89, Exit 5
Distance 29 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Hawthorne-Feather, AntrimRunway3,260 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 28 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 28 miles
Portland, ME 124 miles
Boston, MA 71 miles
New York City, NY 239 miles
Montreal, Quebec 253 miles

(ACS 2016-2020) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 83.6%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.9%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 1.4%
Other Means 1.4%
Worked at home 9.6%
Mean Travel Time to Work 31.3 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2016-2020)
Working in community of residence 81.2%
Commuting to another NH community 14.2%
Commuting out-of-state 4.5%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Pat's Peak, Crotched Mountain
Other: Two (2) Town Beaches; Greenfield State Park; Hiking

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 5/16/22

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964