NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Effingham, NH

effingham New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Effingham
Brian Burke, Town Administrator
68 School Street
Effingham, NH 03882
Telephone (603) 539-7770
Fax (603) 539-7799
E-mail officeassistant@effinghamnh.net
Web Site www.effinghamnh.net

Municipal Office Hours Town Hall: Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday, 8-2, Wednesday, 8-12, closed Friday; Town Clerk/Tax Collector, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday 8-12, closed Friday

County Carroll
Labor Market Area Wolfeboro, NH LMA
Tourism Region Lakes
Planning Commission Lakes Region
Regional Development Wentworth Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 3
State Representative Carroll County District 4

Incorporated: 1778
Origin: This town was first settled by the Leavitts of Hampton, led by Captain John Leavitt, a soldier who had fought the French and Indians at Lake George, New York. The territory was known as Leavittstown from the time of the initial charter in 1749 until 1778. The name Effingham was probably selected by Governor Wentworth in honor of the Howard family, who were Earls of Effingham and related to the governor by marriage, although the name was not used until the town's 1778 incorporation, after the start of the Revolution.
Villages and Place Names: Center Effingham, Chases Mill, Effingham Falls, Grape Corner, Pine River, South Effingham, Drake's Corner
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 154 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Effingham totaled 1,331 over 50 years, from 360 in 1970 to 1,691 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Effingham was 1,763 residents, which ranked 149th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 45.4 persons per square mile of land area. Effingham contains 38.9 square miles of land area and 1.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2020 $2,775,288
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $3,407,576
Zoning Ordinance 2000/15
Master Plan 2013
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Zoning; Library
Appointed:Conservation; Historic District
Public Library Effingham Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer/Contracted
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Huggins Hospital, Wolfeboro 20 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Time Warner Cable; Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $23.57
2022 Equalization Ratio 59.4
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $13.98
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings86.2%
Commercial Land and Buildings11.5%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.3%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 901
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 780
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 8
Five or More Units in Structure 34
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 79
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 1,763 52,199
2020 1,691 50,107
2010 1,465 47,818
2000 1,277 43,918
1990 944 35,526
1980 599 27,929
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   757 Female:   998
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 150
Age 5 to 19 322
Age 20 to 34 365
Age 35 to 54 420
Age 55 to 64 220
Age 65 and over 278
Median Age 37.9 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 1,184
High school graduate or higher 95.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 20.9%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $33,188
Median family income $84,063
Median household income $77,969
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $49,375
Female $34,836
Individuals below the poverty level 13.7%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 794 708
Employed 752 685
Unemployed 42 23
Unemployment Rate 5.3% 3.2%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 6 8
Average Weekly Wage $190 $976
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 42
Average Weekly Wage n $948
Total Private Industry
Average Employment n 50
Average Weekly Wage n $953
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 40 44
Average Weekly Wage $574 $770
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment n 94
Average Weekly Wage n $867

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Governor Wentworth Regional (Brookfield, Effingham, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonboro, Wolfeboro) SAU 49
Career Technology Center(s): Lakes Region Technology Center (Wolfeboro)
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-6 9-12
Total Enrollment 104
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 17
Nearest Community/Technical College: Lakes Region; White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State; St. Joseph's College (ME)

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Boyles Family Market Convenience store 10
Green Mountain Treatment Center Substance abuse treatment 75 2016

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 25, 153
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 24
Distance 42 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Eastern Slopes, Fryeburg MERunway4,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 44 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 8
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 78 miles
Portland, ME 48 miles
Boston, MA 115 miles
New York City, NY 326 miles
Montreal, Quebec 235 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 905
Drove alone, car/truck/van 84.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 7.4%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.0%
Other Means 0.0%
Worked at home 7.7%
Mean Travel Time to Work 30.9 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 13.4%
Commuting to another NH community 81.0%
Commuting out-of-state 5.6%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): King Pine
Other: Watts Sanctuary; Annual Street Fair

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 8/4/20

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964