NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Effingham, NH

effingham New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Effingham
Brian Burke, Town Administrator
68 School Street
Effingham, NH 03882
Telephone (603) 539-7770
Fax (603) 539-7799
E-mail officeassistant@effinghamnh.net
Web Site www.effinghamnh.net

Municipal Office Hours Town Hall: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, 8 am - 2 pm, Friday, 9 am - 12 noon, closed Wednesday

County Carroll
Labor Market Area Wolfeboro, NH LMA
Tourism Region Lakes
Planning Commission Lakes Region
Regional Development Wentworth Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 3
State Representative Carroll County Districts 5, 8

Incorporated: 1778
Origin: This town was first settled by the Leavitts of Hampton, led by Captain John Leavitt, a soldier who had fought the French and Indians at Lake George. The territory was known as Leavittstown from the time of the initial charter in 1749 until 1778. The name Effingham was probably selected by Governor Wentworth in honor of the Howard family, who were Earls of Effingham and related to the governor by marriage, although the name was not used until the town's 1778 incorporation, after the start of the Revolution.
Villages and Place Names: Center Effingham, Chases Mill, Effingham Falls, Grape Corner, Pine River, South Effingham, Drake's Corner
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 154 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Effingham totaled 1,118 over 49 years, from 360 in 1970 to 1,478 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 66 percent increase between 1970 and 1980, followed by a 58 percent increase over the next decade. The 2019 Census estimate for Effingham was 1,478 residents, which ranked 164th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 38.0 persons per square mile of land area. Effingham contains 38.9 square miles of land area and 1.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2020 $2,775,288
Budget: School Appropriations, 2019-2020 $2,623,833
Zoning Ordinance 2000/15
Master Plan 2013
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Zoning; Library
Appointed:Conservation; Historic District
Public Library Effingham Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer/Contracted
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Huggins Hospital, Wolfeboro 20 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Time Warner Cable; Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $26.90
2019 Equalization Ratio 84.4
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $22.62
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings86.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings10.1%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.4%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 913
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 799
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 13
Five or More Units in Structure 27
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 74
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 1,478 48,910
2010 1,465 47,818
2000 1,277 43,918
1990 944 35,526
1980 599 27,929
1970 360 18,548
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   712 Female:   918
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 115
Age 5 to 19 305
Age 20 to 34 312
Age 35 to 54 378
Age 55 to 64 246
Age 65 and over 274
Median Age 41.0 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 93.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 24.6%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $31,507
Median family income $77,935
Median household income $70,000
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $48,125
Female $32,264
Individuals below the poverty level 9.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 778 724
Employed 726 704
Unemployed 52 20
Unemployment Rate 6.7% 2.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n n
Average Weekly Wage n n
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n n
Average Weekly Wage n n
Total Private Industry
Average Employment n 55
Average Weekly Wage n $676
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 42 41
Average Weekly Wage $573 $688
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment n 96
Average Weekly Wage n $681

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Governor Wentworth Regional (Brookfield, Effingham, Middleton, New Durham, Ossipee, Tuftonboro, Wolfeboro) SAU 49
Career Technology Center(s): Lakes Region Technology Center (Wolfeboro) Region: 9
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-6
Total Enrollment 114
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 17
Nearest Community/Technical College: Lakes Region
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Conway

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Boyles Family Market Convenience store 10
Green Mountain Treatment Center Substance abuse treatment 75 2016

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 25, 153
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 24
Distance 42 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Eastern Slopes, Fryeburg MERunway4,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 44 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 6
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 78 miles
Portland, ME 48 miles
Boston, MA 115 miles
New York City, NY 326 miles
Montreal, Quebec 235 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 84.5%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 8.1%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.9%
Other Means 6.5%
Worked at home 7.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 32.7 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 10.7%
Commuting to another NH community 81.5%
Commuting out-of-state 7.8%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): King Pine
Other: Watts Sanctuary; Annual Street Fair

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 8/4/20

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964