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Durham, NH

durham New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Durham
Michael Behrendt, Director of Planning
8 Newmarket Road
Durham, NH 03824-2898
Telephone (603) 868-8064
Fax (603) 868-1858
E-mail mbehrendt@ci.durham.nh.us
Web Site www.ci.durham.nh.us

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8 am - 5 pm

County Strafford
Labor Market Area Dover-Durham, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Strafford Regional
Regional Development Southeast Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 2
State Senate District District 21
State Representative Strafford County District 6

Incorporated: 1732
Origin: Durham started as a parish of Dover called Oyster River Plantation, first settled in 1669. Durham was incorporated in 1732, probably to honor the first Puritan bishop, Richard Barnes, Bishop of Durham. Durham included what is now Lee until 1766, when that town was incorporated. Benjamin Thompson, descendent of an early settler, bequeathed the family estate, the Warner Farm, to be used for establishment of an agricultural college. The state agricultural school, originally set up in Hanover in 1866, was moved to Durham in 1890, becoming the University of New Hampshire in 1923.
Villages and Place Names: Oyster River
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 1,247 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Durham, including resident students, totaled 7,424 over 49 years, from 8,869 in 1970 to 16,293 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 20 percent increase between 1970 and 1980. Next three decades had percent increases of 15 percent or less. The 2019 Census estimate for Durham was 16,293 residents, which ranked 17th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 727.4 persons per square mile of land area. Durham contains 22.4 square miles of land area and 2.4 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Administrator & Council
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2019 $27,351,349
Budget: School Appropriations, 2019-2020 $45,940,460
Zoning Ordinance 1935/19
Master Plan 2015
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Town Planner/Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Town Council
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Library; Cemetery; Historic; Economic Development
Public Library Durham Public; UNH Library

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service Private
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Wentworth-Douglass, Dover 6 miles 142

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier UNH/Durham Water System
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $27.43
2019 Equalization Ratio 92.8
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $24.93
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings64.8%
Commercial Land and Buildings31.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.4%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 3,812
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,347
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 463
Five or More Units in Structure 993
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 9
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 16,293 130,633
2010 14,638 123,143
2000 12,684 112,676
1990 11,816 104,348
1980 10,652 85,324
1970 8,869 70,431
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   7,731 Female:   8,750
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 266
Age 5 to 19 5,950
Age 20 to 34 6,546
Age 35 to 54 1,594
Age 55 to 64 888
Age 65 and over 1,237
Median Age 20.8 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 97.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 75.0%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $24,299
Median family income $145,402
Median household income $81,995
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $69,919
Female $57,798
Individuals below the poverty level 27.1%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 7,347 9,307
Employed 7,037 9,041
Unemployed 310 266
Unemployment Rate 4.2% 2.9%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n 212
Average Weekly Wage n $1,428
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 1,485
Average Weekly Wage n $706
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 2,141 1,697
Average Weekly Wage $732 $797
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 4,186 4,303
Average Weekly Wage $1,152 $1,284
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 6,327 6,000
Average Weekly Wage $1,010 $1,146

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Oyster River Cooperative (Durham, Lee, Madbury) SAU 5
Career Technology Center(s): Dover Career Technical Center Region: 12
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels 5-8 9-12
Total Enrollment 667 809
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 138
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
University of New Hampshire Education 2,890
Goss International Web and printing press systems 140
Town of Durham Municipal services 88

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 4
State Routes 108, 155, 155A
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 5
Distance 8 miles
Railroad Amtrak Downeaster
Public Transportation COAST; Wildcat Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease InternationalRunway11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 39 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 39 miles
Portland, ME 61 miles
Boston, MA 64 miles
New York City, NY 271 miles
Montreal, Quebec 283 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 52.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 5.6%
Public transportation 5.4%
Walked 27.5%
Other Means 8.5%
Worked at home 6.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 21.1 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 47.4%
Commuting to another NH community 45.8%
Commuting out-of-state 6.8%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Great Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 6/19/19

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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