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Community Profiles

Columbia, NH

columbia New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Columbia Board of Selectmen
Marcia Parkhurst, Secretary
PO Box 157
Colebrook, NH 03576
Telephone (603) 237-5255
Fax (603) 237-8270
E-mail towncolumbia@myfairpoint.net
Web Site www.columbianh.org

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Assistant/Town Clerk: Monday to Thursday, 10-4; Tax Collector: second and fourth Saturday each month, 10-12

County Coos
Labor Market Area Colebrook, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coos Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coos County District 3

Incorporated: 1797
Origin: Columbia was first chartered in 1762, and named Preston for Richard Graham, Viscount Preston of Scotland. The original grantees were a members of the Society of Friends from Long Island, known as Quakers. The town was regranted in 1770 due to grantees failing to meet the prescribed terms, and renamed Cockburntown, after Sir James Cockburn of Scotland, and was so incorporated in 1797. The town kept that name until 1811, when Governor John Langdon renamed the town Columbia in the spirit of patriotism preceding the War of 1812.
Villages and Place Names: Bungy, Cones, Georges, Meriden Hill, Tinkerville
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 34 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Columbia totaled 177 over 50 years, from 467 in 1970 to 644 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Columbia was 660 residents, which ranked 211th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 10.8 persons per square mile of land area. Columbia contains 61.2 square miles of land area and 0.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $626,500
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $1,465,459
Zoning Ordinance 1971/10
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; School
Public Library No Library

Emergency Services
Police Department No
Fire Department No
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Upper Connecticut Valley, Colebrook 5 miles 16

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Limited
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $15.30
2022 Equalization Ratio 56.0
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $8.40
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings66.6%
Commercial Land and Buildings3.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other29.6%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 476
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 394
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 2
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 80
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 660 31,504
2020 659 31,268
2010 757 33,055
2000 752 33,156
1990 656 34,879
1980 673 35,014
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   377 Female:   258
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 2
Age 5 to 19 120
Age 20 to 34 90
Age 35 to 54 154
Age 55 to 64 130
Age 65 and over 139
Median Age 47.8 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 462
High school graduate or higher 85.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 14.7%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $36,558
Median family income $63,438
Median household income $47,708
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $38,000
Female $43,500
Individuals below the poverty level 14.0%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 327 318
Employed 305 306
Unemployed 22 12
Unemployment Rate 6.7% 3.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 44 51
Average Weekly Wage $938 $1,772
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 22
Average Weekly Wage n $288
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 48 72
Average Weekly Wage $881 $1,331
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 6 6
Average Weekly Wage $870 $1,019
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 54 78
Average Weekly Wage $879 $1,307

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are tuitioned to Colebrook SAU 7
Career Technology Center(s): Berlin Regional Career & Technical Center
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
Grade Levels 9-12
Total Enrollment
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State; Northern VT - Lyndon (VT)

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Columbia Sand & Gravel, Inc. Aggregate
Blue Mountain Variety Convenience store

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-91 (VT), Exit 28; Aut-55 (QC), Exit 21
Distance 45 miles; 46 miles
Railroad State owned line
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Gifford Field, ColebrookRunway2,440 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 139 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 8
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 147 miles
Portland, ME 135 miles
Boston, MA 200 miles
New York City, NY 379 miles
Montreal, Quebec 132 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 300
Drove alone, car/truck/van 77.7%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 8.0%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 4.0%
Other Means 3.7%
Worked at home 6.7%
Mean Travel Time to Work 23.7 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 16.0%
Commuting to another NH community 75.0%
Commuting out-of-state 9.0%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Bretton Woods, Jay Peak
Other: Camps

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 6/6/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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