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Community Profiles

Columbia, NH


columbia New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Columbia Board of Selectmen
Marcia Parkhurst, Secretary
PO Box 157
Colebrook, NH 03576
Telephone (603) 237-5255
Fax (603) 237-8270
E-mail towncolumbia@myfairpoint.net
Web Site www.columbianh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 10 am - 4 pm

County
Labor Market Area Colebrook, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative

Incorporated: 1797
Origin: Columbia was first chartered in 1762, and named Preston for Richard Graham, Viscount Preston of Scotland. The original grantees were a group of members of the Society of Friends from Long Island. The town was regranted in 1770 due to grantees failing to meet the prescribed terms, and renamed Cockburntown, after Sir James Cockburn of Scotland, as was so incorporated in 1797. It kept that name until 1811, when Governor John Langdon renamed the town Columbia in the spirit of patriotism preceding the War of 1812.
Villages and Place Names: Bungy, Cones, Georges, Meriden Hill, Tinkerville
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 34 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Columbia totaled 268 over 49 years, from 467 in 1970 to 735 in 2019. The largest decennial percent change was a 44 percent increase between 1970 and 1980, a numeric increase of 206. The 2019 Census estimate for Columbia was 735 residents, which ranked 205th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2019 (US Census Bureau): 12.0 persons per square mile of land area. Columbia contains 61.2 square miles of land area and 0.1 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2020 $562,660
Budget: School Appropriations, 2020-2021 $1,415,459
Zoning Ordinance 1971/10
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; School
Appointed:Conservation
Public Library No Library

Emergency Services
Police Department No
Fire Department No
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Upper Connecticut Valley, Colebrook 5 miles 12

Utilities
Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Limited
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:
BusinessLimited
ResidentialLimited

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2019 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $18.92
2019 Equalization Ratio 79.5
2019 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $14.53
2019 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings65.8%
Commercial Land and Buildings4.2%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other30.0%

(ACS 2015-2019) Housing
Total Housing Units 518
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 397
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 5
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 116
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2019 735 31,563
2010 757 33,055
2000 752 33,156
1990 656 34,879
1980 673 35,014
1970 467 34,189
 
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2015-2019
Population by Gender
Male:   335 Female:   298
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 7
Age 5 to 19 79
Age 20 to 34 84
Age 35 to 54 171
Age 55 to 64 136
Age 65 and over 156
Median Age 52.9 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 86.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 12.4%

(ACS 2015-2019) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $33,151
Median family income $55,000
Median household income $44,250
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers, 16 years ad over
Male $34,375
Female $33,750
Individuals below the poverty level 12.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2009 2019
Civilian Labor Force 422 322
Employed 407 312
Unemployed 15 10
Unemployment Rate 3.6% 3.1%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2009 2019
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n n
Average Weekly Wage n n
     
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n n
Average Weekly Wage n n
     
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 53 58
Average Weekly Wage $1,003 $1,079
     
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 9 5
Average Weekly Wage $712 $1,090
     
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 62 64
Average Weekly Wage $963 $1,080

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.


(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are tuitioned to Colebrook SAU 7
Career Technology Center(s): Berlin Regional Career & Technical Center Region: 2
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
Grade Levels
Total Enrollment
2020 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Berlin

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Columbia Sand & Gravel, Inc. Aggregate
Blue Mountain Variety Convenience store

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality


(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-91 (VT), Exit 28; Aut-55 (QC), Exit 21
Distance 45 miles; 46 miles
Railroad State owned line
Public Transportation No
 
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Gifford Field, ColebrookRunway2,440 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 139 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 6
 
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 147 miles
Portland, ME 135 miles
Boston, MA 200 miles
New York City, NY 379 miles
Montreal, Quebec 132 miles

(ACS 2015-2019) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 69.6%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 10.6%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 8.0%
Other Means 11.9%
Worked at home 7.1%
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.5 minutes
 
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2015-2019)
Working in community of residence 25.0%
Commuting to another NH community 67.9%
Commuting out-of-state 7.1%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
Municipal Parks
YMCA/YWCA
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Museums
Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
   
Nearest Ski Area(s):
   
Other: Camps

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, 2021. Community Response Received 8/25/20

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.

 

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