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Chesterfield, NH

chesterfield New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Chesterfield
Alissa Thompson, Town Administrator
PO Box 175
Chesterfield, NH 03443
Telephone (603) 363-4624
Fax (603) 363-8047
E-mail townadmin@nhchesterfield.com
Web Site www.nhchesterfield.com

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen, Town Hall, and Assessors: Monday to Thursday, 8-4, Friday, 9-12; Town Clerk: Tuesday and Wednesday, 9-1 and 4-7, last Saturday each month by appointment; Tax Collector: Monday, 2-6

County Cheshire
Labor Market Area Keene, NH Micropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Monadnock
Planning Commission Southwest Region
Regional Development Monadnock Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 2
State Senate District District 10
State Representative Cheshire County Districts 6, 15

Incorporated: 1752
Origin: Established in 1735 while New Hampshire was still under governance of Massachusetts, this town was the site of Fort Number 1 in the line of protective trading forts bordering the Connecticut River. After New Hampshire became an independent province under Governor Benning Wentworth, the town was incorporated in 1752 as Chesterfield, after Philip Stanhope, fourth Earl of Chesterfield. The Earl served as Secretary of State and joined William Pitt in opposing what they considered England's unfair treatment of the American Colonies. Chesterfield was the birthplace of Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1941 to 1946.
Villages and Place Names: Spofford, West Chesterfield
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 1,905 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Chesterfield totaled 1,749 over 50 years, from 1,817 in 1970 to 3,566 in 2020. The 2022 Census estimate for Chesterfield was 3,634 residents, which ranked 103rd among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2022 (US Census Bureau): 79.7 persons per square mile of land area. Chesterfield contains 45.6 square miles of land area and 2.0 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2021 $4,948,368
Budget: School Appropriations, 2021-2022 $8,965,731
Zoning Ordinance 1956/22
Master Plan 2016
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Budget; School; Library; Cemetery
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation
Public Library Chesterfield Public

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Brattleboro Memorial, Brattleboro VT 9 miles 47
Cheshire Medical Center, Keene 14 miles 94

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Consolidated Communications
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2022 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $19.42
2022 Equalization Ratio 75.7
2022 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $14.65
2022 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings90.1%
Commercial Land and Buildings8.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other1.6%

(ACS 2017-2021) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,892
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,746
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 94
Five or More Units in Structure 0
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 52
(US Census Bureau) Population
(1-Year Estimates/Decennial)
Total Population Community County
2022 3,634 77,350
2020 3,552 76,458
2010 3,604 77,117
2000 3,554 73,993
1990 3,080 70,223
1980 2,561 62,116
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2017-2021
Population by Gender
Male:   2,049 Female:   1,513
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 160
Age 5 to 19 689
Age 20 to 34 515
Age 35 to 54 780
Age 55 to 64 537
Age 65 and over 881
Median Age 45.7 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over 2,668
High school graduate or higher 93.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 40.8%

(ACS 2017-2021) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $45,245
Median family income $104,693
Median household income $86,635
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $58,813
Female $52,201
Individuals below the poverty level 6.5%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2012 2022
Civilian Labor Force 2,010 1,860
Employed 1,915 1,807
Unemployed 95 53
Unemployment Rate 4.7% 2.8%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2012 2022
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 166 114
Average Weekly Wage $1,091 $1,423
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,008 1,216
Average Weekly Wage $878 $1,147
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,175 1,330
Average Weekly Wage $908 $1,170
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 138 129
Average Weekly Wage $579 $767
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,313 1,459
Average Weekly Wage $873 $1,135

If "n" appears, data does not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Chesterfield operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Keene SAU 29
Career Technology Center(s): Cheshire Career Center (Keene); Fall Mountain RHS - CTE
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-8 9-12
Total Enrollment 263
2022 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 1 Total Capacity: 20
Nearest Community/Technical College: River Valley
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Keene State; Franklin Pierce-Lebanon; Antioch New England

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
United Natural Foods Food warehouse 1988
Ames Performance Classic Pontiac Parts Distributor 23 2008
Fed Ex Ground Package delivery service 28 2008
Foard Panel Wall panel construction 28+/- 1988
Thomas Companies Construction, drilling, & blasting 65 1971
Westfield Construction Construction 15 1996
Chesterfield Tire Tire sales and service 13 1998
Tire Warehouse Tire sales & service 1990
Perkins Home Center Home lumber supply 45 1988

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 9, 9A, 63
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-91 (VT), Exit 3
Distance 6 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Dillant-Hopkins, SwanzeyRunway6,201 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 67 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 78 miles
Portland, ME 170 miles
Boston, MA 110 miles
New York City, NY 204 miles
Montreal, Quebec 248 miles

(ACS 2017-2021) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over 1,676
Drove alone, car/truck/van 73.3%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 7.5%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 2.3%
Other Means 2.0%
Worked at home 15.0%
Mean Travel Time to Work 20.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2017-2021)
Working in community of residence 28.4%
Commuting to another NH community 38.5%
Commuting out-of-state 33.1%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourist Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
X Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Mount Ascutney (VT)
Other: Chesterfield Gorge; Pisgah State Park

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2023. Community Response Received 6/1/23

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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