NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Northumberland, NH

northumberland New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Northumberland
Rebecca Craggy, Administrative Assistant
19 Main Street
Groveton, NH 03582
Telephone (603) 636-1450
Fax (603) 636-6098
E-mail b.craggy@northumberlandnh.org
Web Site www.northumberlandnh.org

Municipal Office Hours Selectmen's Office: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, 8 am - 4 pm, Thursday, 8 am - 12 noon; Town Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, 8:30 am - 4 pm, Thursday, 8 am - 12 noon, last day of month, 8:30 am - 2 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Littleton, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coös County Districts 2, 7

Incorporated: 1779
Origin: This town was first granted in 1761 as Stonington, probably due to Governor Benning Wentworth's relationship with shipbuilding interests in Stonington, Connecticut. By 1767, only a few of the grantees had settled there. The territory was regranted by Governor John Wentworth in 1771 as Northumberland in honor of Hugh Smithson, first Duke of Northumberland. The Duke's son, James Smithson, is remembered for leaving a legacy of more than a half million dollars for the founding of Smithsonian Institution.
Villages and Place Names: Groveton
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 117 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Northumberland had the third largest decrease in numeric population change over 53 years. Population change totaled 396, from 2,586 in 1960 down to 2,190 in 2013. The population decreased over four of the last five decades. The 2013 Census estimate for Northumberland was 2,190 residents, which ranked 134th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 59.6 persons per square mile of land area. Northumberland contains 36.7 square miles of land area and 0.08 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2013 $3,287,673
Budget: School Appropriations, 2013 $5,910,386
Zoning Ordinance 1959/10
Master Plan 2003
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Library; Trust Funds; Treasurer; School; Tax Collection Precinct; Cemetery; Checklist; Auditor
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Recreation; Cemetery Sexton
Public Library Northumberland Public

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster 11 miles 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Groveton Water System; Lost Nation Water System
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2013 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $33.48
2013 Equalization Ratio 103.9
2013 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $38.64
2013 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings59.1%
Commercial Land and Buildings14.0%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other26.9%

(ACS 2009-2013) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 1,099
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 778
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 181
Five or More Units in Structure 52
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 88
Total Population Community County
2013 2,190 32,141
2010 2,288 33,055
2000 2,440 33,156
1990 2,495 34,879
1980 2,520 35,014
1970 2,493 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2009-2013
Population by Gender
Male:    1,114 Female:    1,076
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 101
Age 5 to 19 475
Age 20 to 34 325
Age 35 to 54 629
Age 55 to 64 293
Age 65 and over 367
Median Age 43.2 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 85.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 10.5%

(ACS 2009-2013) ANNUAL INCOME, 2013
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $18,203
Median family income $37,813
Median household income $35,881
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $36,364
Female $28,594
Individuals below the poverty level 15.7%

Annual Average 2003 2013
Civilian Labor Force 1,164 1,079
Employed 1,104 1,010
Unemployed 60 69
Unemployment Rate 5.2% 6.4%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2003 2013
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 519 6
Average Weekly Wage $893 $497
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 222 117
Average Weekly Wage $373 $606
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 741 123
Average Weekly Wage $738 $601
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 163 153
Average Weekly Wage $444 $637
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 904 276
Average Weekly Wage $685 $621

Schools students attend: Northumberland operates grades K-12 SAU 58
Career Technology Center(s): Hugh Gallen Regional Career & Technical Center, Littleton; White Mountain Regional High - CTE, Whitefield Region: 3
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1
Grade Levels K 1-5 6-8 9-12
Total Enrollment 118 89 164
2014 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 2 Total Capacity: 55
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Plymouth State Univerity; Granite State College-Littleton

Perras Ace Hardware store 50 1987
Ocean State Job Lots Department store 50 2006
Normandeau Trucking & Debris Disposal Trash Removal and moving services 15 1996
Prima America Bio/Diesel Fuel Mfg. 16 2010
Groveton Village Store Convenience store 15 2000
Dollar General Department store 8-10 2013

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes 110
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 41
Distance 30 miles
Railroad State owned line
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Mt Washington Reg, Whitefield
Runway 4,001 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 99 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 129 miles
Portland, ME 123 miles
Boston, MA 203 miles
New York City, NY 360 miles
Montreal, Quebec 154 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 86.4%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.8%
Public transportation 0.5%
Walked 0.2%
Other Means 0.9%
Worked at home 2.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 28.4 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2008-2012)
Working in community of residence 10.4%
Commuting to another NH community 87.5%
Commuting out-of-state 2.1%
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Wildcat, Bretton Woods, Cannon, Balsams
Other: Meeting House Covered Bridge; Auto Race Track; Train Caboose; Canoe access; ATV Trail; Graymist Fiddle Fest; G.R.E.A.T. Paddle Fest, Street Fair; Snowmobile Trail access; White Mtn Forest Trail

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, March 2015.
Community Response Received 05/13/13

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only