NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

New Castle, NH

newcastle New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of New Castle
Pamela Cullen, Secretary BOS
PO Box 367
New Castle, NH 03854
Telephone (603) 431-6710 x10
Fax (603) 433-6198
E-mail ncppcullen@comcast.net
Web Site www.newcastlenh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, 8 am - 2 pm; Town Clerk, Tax Collector: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, 8 am - 12 noon

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 24
State Representative Rockingham County District 24

Incorporated: 1693
Origin: The largest of several islands at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, this town was originally known as Great Island. Chartered in 1679 as a parish of Portsmouth, it was incorporated in 1693 during the reign of William and Mary. For a number of years, this was the seat of government, where meetings of the governor and council were held. New Castle is unique in the state, being the only town made up entirely of islands, connected to the mainland by bridges. New Castle is home to the Wentworth-by-the-Sea Hotel, where delegates to the Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty of 1905 stayed during negotiations held at the nearby Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. The treaty negotiation and signing, which elevated Japan to an international power at the conclusion of the Russo-Japanese War, was held in the Portsmouth area at the specific invitation of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Villages and Place Names: unknown
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 534 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for New Castle totaled 107 over 53 years, from 823 in 1960 to 930 in 2013. The largest decennial percent change was a 20 percent increase between 1990 and 2000, which followed a ten percent decrease over the previous decade. The 2013 Census estimate for New Castle was 930 residents, which ranked 189th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 1,148.1 persons per square mile of land area, the sixth highest among the cities and towns. New Castle contains 0.8 square miles of land area and 1.3 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2015-2016 $2,974,035
Budget: School Appropriations, 2015-2016 $1,967,199
Zoning Ordinance 1954/12
Master Plan 2010
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectboard; Library; Cemetery; School; Budget; Trust Funds; Fire Wards
Appointed:Planning; Conservation; Historic District; Zoning; Public Works
Public Library New Castle Public

Police Department Full-time & On-Call
Fire Department Full, part-time, & volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 209

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier City of Portsmouth; New Castle Water Works
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Comcast; BayRing; Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2014 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $6.60
2014 Equalization Ratio 88.2
2014 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $5.81
2014 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings89.4%
Commercial Land and Buildings10.4%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other0.2%

(ACS 2009-2013) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 557
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 481
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 62
Five or More Units in Structure 14
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 0
Total Population Community County
2013 930 297,728
2010 968 295,223
2000 1,012 278,748
1990 843 246,744
1980 936 190,345
1970 975 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2009-2013
Population by Gender
Male:   458 Female:   472
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 32
Age 5 to 19 68
Age 20 to 34 98
Age 35 to 54 229
Age 55 to 64 216
Age 65 and over 287
Median Age 56.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 99.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 67.4%

(ACS 2009-2013) ANNUAL INCOME, 2013
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income 82,879
Median family income 124,750
Median household income 103,269
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male 106,094
Female 53,409
Individuals below the poverty level 2.6%

Annual Average 2004 2014
Civilian Labor Force 516 526
Employed 500 509
Unemployed 16.0 17
Unemployment Rate 3.1% 3.2%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2004 2014
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment n 0
Average Weekly Wage n $0
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment n 321
Average Weekly Wage n $617
Total Private Industry
Average Employment n 321
Average Weekly Wage n $617
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 35 51
Average Weekly Wage $471 $616
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment n 372
Average Weekly Wage n $616
'n' indicates data does not meet disclosure standards

Schools students attend: New Castle operates grades K-6; grades 7 & 8 are tuitioned to Rye; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50 & 52
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career Technical Center #19 Region: 19
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1
Grade Levels K 1-6
Total Enrollment 39
2015 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: 0
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College; University of NH

Wentworth Hotel Hotel, spa 100
Wentworth Marina Marina 12
UNH Marine Lab School lab 12
*Employer information supplied by municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 1B
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 7
Distance 4 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease International
Runway 11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Boston-Logan International Distance 58.4 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 31
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 48 miles
Portland, ME 58 miles
Boston, MA 60 miles
New York City, NY 273 miles
Montreal, Quebec 303 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 80%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 2.8%
Public transportation 2.8%
Walked 1.4%
Other Means 0%
Worked at home 13%
Mean Travel Time to Work 23 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2009-2013)
Working in community of residence 25.3%
Commuting to another NH community 54.2%
Commuting out-of-state 20.5%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
X Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Fort Constitution & Fort Stark

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2015.
Community Response Received 05/29/15

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only