NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Lancaster, NH

lancaster New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Lancaster
Edward Samson, Town Manager
25 Main Street
Lancaster, NH 03584
Telephone (603) 788-3391
Fax (603) 788-2114
E-mail info@lancasternh.org
Web Site www.lancasternh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 8:30 am - 5 pm, Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Littleton NH-VT LMA, NH Portion
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coös County Districts 4, 7

Incorporated: 1763
Origin: Lancaster was first granted to Captain David Page and others in 1763, an early settlement on the northern portion of the Connecticut River. The town was subject to many Indian troubles, and a grant renewal was issued in 1769. The town was named for Lancaster, Massachusetts, hometown of Joseph Wilder, an early settler. Reverend Joshua Weeks, also a grantee, was among the group of explorers who named the mountains in the Presidential Range. Another resident was Benjamin Sawyer, who, with Timothy Nash, discovered the White Mountain Notch, making a shorter route to Portland possible.
Villages and Place Names: Coos Junction, Grange, Lost Nation, South Lancaster
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 161 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Lancaster totaled 298 over 53 years, from 3,138 in 1960 to 3,436 in 2013. The largest decennial percent change was seven percent occurring between 1970 and 1980, and between 2000 and 2010. The 2012 Census estimate for Lancaster was 3,404 residents, which ranked 104th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 68.4 persons per square mile of land area. Lancaster contains 50.2 square miles of land area and 1.0 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2014 $6,362,349
Budget: School Appropriations, 2013-2014 $6,270,856
Zoning Ordinance 1908/05
Master Plan 2011
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Library; Town Clerk
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Tax Collector
Public Library Weeks Memorial

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster Local 25

Electric Supplier PSNH
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Lancaster Water Department
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal & private
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2013 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $23.35
2013 Equalization Ratio 104.8
2013 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $24.96
2013 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings69%
Commercial Land and Buildings23.4%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other7.6%

(ACS 2008-2012) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 1,776
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,201
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 58
Five or More Units in Structure 270
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 247
Total Population Community County
2013 3,404 32,096
2010 3,507 33,055
2000 3,285 33,156
1990 3,532 34,879
1980 3,401 35,014
1970 3,166 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2008-2012
Population by Gender
Male:   1,637 Female:   1,842
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 123
Age 5 to 19 876
Age 20 to 34 320
Age 35 to 54 1,070
Age 55 to 64 523
Age 65 and over 567
Median Age 43.2 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 89.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 20.9%

(ACS 2008-2012) ANNUAL INCOME, 2012
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $27,296
Median family income $60,855
Median household income $39,318
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $43,750
Female $36,667
Individuals below the poverty level 10.7%

Annual Average 2003 2013
Civilian Labor Force 1,692 1,748
Employed 1,628 1,660
Unemployed 64 88
Unemployment Rate 3.8% 5%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2003 2013
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 239 240
Average Weekly Wage $534 $673
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,327 1,210
Average Weekly Wage $527 $735
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,566 1,451
Average Weekly Wage $528 $724
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 208 246
Average Weekly Wage $538 $669
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,774 1,697
Average Weekly Wage $529 $716

Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of White Mountains Regional (Carroll, Dalton, Jefferson, Lancaster, Whitefield) SAU 36
Career Technology Center(s): Hugh Gallen Regional Career & Technical Center, Littleton; White Mountain Regional High - CTE, Whitefield Region: 3
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-8 6-12
Total Enrollment 385 11
2014 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 3 Total Capacity: 93
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Littleton or Berlin

Weeks Memorial Hospital Health care services 320
Country Village Health Care Health care services 112
Lancaster School Education 70
Pak 2000 Four color shopping bags 53 1987
Shaw's Supermarket Supermarket 48
Town of Lancaster Municipal services 40
North Country Ford Sales & Service Car dealership 21
PJ Noyes Company, Inc. Pharmaceutical 30 1868
PSNH Utility 25
Salmon Press, LLC Newspaper 21

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes 2, 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 41
Distance 20 miles
Railroad Boston & Maine
Public Transportation NCT
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Mt Washington Reg, Whitefield
Runway 4,001 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 82 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 119 miles
Portland, ME 116 miles
Boston, MA 169 miles
New York City, NY 352 miles
Montreal, Quebec 167 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 83.8%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 7.7%
Public transportation 0%
Walked 1.8%
Other Means 1.4%
Worked at home 5.3%
Mean Travel Time to Work 25.1 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2008-2012)
Working in community of residence 45.2%
Commuting to another NH community 47.9%
Commuting out-of-state 6.9%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Bretton Woods
Other: Lancaster Fair; Weeks Historic Site; Farmers Market

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, November 2014.
Community Response Received 7/15/2014

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only