NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Lancaster, NH

lancaster New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Lancaster
Edward Samson, Town Manager
25 Main Street
Lancaster, NH 03584
Telephone (603) 788-3391
Fax (603) 788-2114
E-mail info@lancasternh.org
Web Site www.lancasternh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Thursday, 8:30 am - 5 pm, Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Littleton, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coös County Districts 4, 7

Incorporated: 1763
Origin: Lancaster was first granted to Captain David Page and others in 1763, an early settlement on the northern portion of the Connecticut River. The town was subject to many Indian troubles, and a grant renewal was issued in 1769. The town was named for Lancaster, Massachusetts, hometown of Joseph Wilder, an early settler. Reverend Joshua Weeks, also a grantee, was among the group of explorers who named the mountains in the Presidential Range. Another resident was Benjamin Sawyer, who, with Timothy Nash, discovered the White Mountain Notch, making a shorter route to Portland possible.
Villages and Place Names: Coos Junction, Grange, Lost Nation, South Lancaster
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 161 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Lancaster totaled 315 over 53 years, from 3,138 in 1960 to 3,453 in 2013. The largest decennial percent change was seven percent occurring between 1970 and 1980, and between 2000 and 2010. The 2013 Census estimate for Lancaster was 3,453 residents, which ranked 104th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 68.8 persons per square mile of land area. Lancaster contains 50.2 square miles of land area and 1.0 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2015 $5,763,028
Budget: School Appropriations, 2014-2015 $6,285,582
Zoning Ordinance 1908/05
Master Plan 2011
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Library; Town Clerk
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Conservation; Tax Collector
Public Library Weeks Memorial

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Municipal
Emergency Medical Service Municipal
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Weeks Medical Center, Lancaster Local 25

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Lancaster Water Department
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal & private
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramYes
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2014 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $23.40
2014 Equalization Ratio 103.5
2014 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $24.39
2014 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings69.9%
Commercial Land and Buildings23.3%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other6.8%

(ACS 2009-2013) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 1,865
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,269
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 86
Five or More Units in Structure 204
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 306
Total Population Community County
2013 3,453 32,141
2010 3,507 33,055
2000 3,285 33,156
1990 3,532 34,879
1980 3,401 35,014
1970 3,166 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2009-2013
Population by Gender
Male:   1,537 Female:   1,916
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 145
Age 5 to 19 659
Age 20 to 34 357
Age 35 to 54 1,056
Age 55 to 64 602
Age 65 and over 634
Median Age 47.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 89.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 23.0%

(ACS 2009-2013) ANNUAL INCOME, 2013
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income 27,887
Median family income 60,763
Median household income 39,375
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male 42,500
Female 38,359
Individuals below the poverty level 11.4%

Annual Average 2004 2014
Civilian Labor Force 1,701 1,779
Employed 1,644 1,713
Unemployed 57.0 66
Unemployment Rate 3.4% 3.7%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2004 2014
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 239 254
Average Weekly Wage $565 $641
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,350 1,171
Average Weekly Wage $568 $757
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,588 1,425
Average Weekly Wage $567 $736
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 212 256
Average Weekly Wage $546 $690
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,800 1,681
Average Weekly Wage $565 $729
'n' indicates data does not meet disclosure standards

Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of White Mountains Regional (Carroll, Dalton, Jefferson, Lancaster, Whitefield) SAU 36
Career Technology Center(s): Hugh J. Gallen Career & Technical Center Region: 3
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-8 5-11
Total Enrollment 391 15
2015 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 4 Total Capacity: 111
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Littleton or Berlin

Weeks Memorial Hospital Health care services 320
Country Village Health Care Health care services 112
Lancaster School Education 70
Pak 2000 Four color shopping bags 53 1987
Shaw's Supermarket Supermarket 48
Town of Lancaster Municipal services 40
PJ Noyes Company, Inc. Pharmaceutical 30 1868
Eversource Energy Utility 25
North Country Ford Sales & Service Car dealership 21
Salmon Press, LLC Newspaper 6
*Employer information supplied by municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes 2, 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 41
Distance 20 miles
Railroad Boston & Maine
Public Transportation NCT
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Mt Washington Reg, Whitefield
Runway 4,001 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 82 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 119 miles
Portland, ME 116 miles
Boston, MA 169 miles
New York City, NY 352 miles
Montreal, Quebec 167 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 81.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.4%
Public transportation 0.1%
Walked 1.4%
Other Means 0%
Worked at home 7.2%
Mean Travel Time to Work 21.9 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2009-2013)
Working in community of residence 51.3%
Commuting to another NH community 41.1%
Commuting out-of-state 7.6%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Cinemas
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Bretton Woods
Other: Lancaster Fair; Weeks Historic Site; Farmers Market

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, October 2015.
Community Response Received 08/14/15

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only