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Greenland, NH

greenland New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Greenland Board of Selectmen
Karen Anderson, Town Administrator
575 Portsmouth Avenue, PO Box 100
Greenland, NH 03840
Telephone (603) 431-7111
Fax (603) 430-3761
E-mail kanderson@greenland-nh.com
Web Site www.greenland-nh.com

Municipal Office Hours Monday, 10 am - 6 pm, Tuesday through Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Rockingham
Labor Market Area Portsmouth, NH-ME Metropolitan NECTA
Tourism Region Seacoast
Planning Commission Rockingham
Regional Development Coastal Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 1
Executive Council District District 3
State Senate District District 24
State Representative Rockingham County Districts 23, 31

Incorporated: 1721
Origin: One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth originating in 1638. It was probably named for Henry Greenland, a town officer. About 1704, residents requested having a minister and schoolmaster of their own, and to be exempted from supporting the church and school in Portsmouth. Greenland became a separate parish in 1705. In that same period, Leonard Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing. In 1721, Greenland was granted full town privileges, giving the leadership power to collect province taxes from residents.
Villages and Place Names: Bayside, Breakfast Hill, Camp Gundalow
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 634 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Greenland totaled 2,420 over 53 years, from 1,196 in 1960 to 3,616 in 2013. The largest decennial percent change was a 49 percent increase between 1960 and 1970. The 2013 Census estimate for Greenland was 3,616 residents, which ranked 101st among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 343.1 persons per square mile of land area. Greenland contains 10.5 square miles of land area and 2.8 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2014 $2,230,328
Budget: School Appropriations, 2014-2015 $8,484,583
Zoning Ordinance 1952/12
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Zoning
Appointed:Conservation; Recreation
Public Library Weeks Public

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Part-time & volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Part-time & volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Portsmouth Regional, Portsmouth 4 miles 209
Exeter Hospital, Exeter 8 miles 99

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; Exeter & Hampton
Natural Gas Supplier Unitil
Water Supplier City of Portsmouth; Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2013 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $15.50
2013 Equalization Ratio 95.2
2013 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $14.67
2013 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings79.3%
Commercial Land and Buildings17.7%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.0%

(ACS 2008-2012) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 1,489
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,281
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 127
Five or More Units in Structure 53
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 28
Total Population Community County
2013 3,616 297,728
2010 3,549 295,223
2000 3,227 278,748
1990 2,708 246,744
1980 2,129 190,345
1970 1,784 138,951
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2008-2012
Population by Gender
Male:    1,815 Female:    1,801
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 157
Age 5 to 19 711
Age 20 to 34 332
Age 35 to 54 1,300
Age 55 to 64 518
Age 65 and over 598
Median Age 45.7 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 97.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 48.1%

(ACS 2008-2012) ANNUAL INCOME, 2012
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $50,901
Median family income $84,830
Median household income $82,159
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $72,978
Female $36,298
Individuals below the poverty level 3.4%

Annual Average 2003 2013
Civilian Labor Force 1,976 2,294
Employed 1,908 2,196
Unemployed 68 98
Unemployment Rate 3.4% 4.3%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2003 2013
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 582 342
Average Weekly Wage $811 $1,452
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,223 1,364
Average Weekly Wage $661 $788
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 1,804 1,706
Average Weekly Wage $709 $921
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 145 141
Average Weekly Wage $468 $792
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 1,949 1,847
Average Weekly Wage $691 $911

Schools students attend: Greenland operates grades K-8; grades 9-12 are tuitioned to Portsmouth SAU 50
Career Technology Center(s): Portsmouth Career-Tech Center #19 Region: 19
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1
Grade Levels K 1-8 P
Total Enrollment 391 23
2014 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 3 Total Capacity: 64
Nearest Community/Technical College: Great Bay
Nearest Colleges or Universities: University of NH

Anson Sailmakers Sail manufacturer 1980
High Flying Flag Company Flags, banners 1981
Novel Iron Works Structural steel fabrication 1977
Boise Cascade Lumber Mill 2012
Nike/Baur Warehouse/sporting goods 200+/- 2007
Micro Art Graphic Design
Advanced Concrete U.S. Headquarters 30
Target Department store 100 2009
Lowes Home improvement center 100 2010

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 33, 151
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-95, Exit 3
Distance 2 miles
Railroad Maine Central
Public Transportation COAST
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Pease International
Runway 11,321 ft. asphalt/concrete
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Manchester-Boston Regional Distance 40 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 4
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 37 miles
Portland, ME 56 miles
Boston, MA 55 miles
New York City, NY 268 miles
Montreal, Quebec 292 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 73.1%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 3.7%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.7%
Other Means 2.6%
Worked at home 19.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 34.1 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2008-2012)
Working in community of residence 26.1%
Commuting to another NH community 70.5%
Commuting out-of-state 3.4%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
X Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Gunstock
Other: Sandy Point Discovery Center

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, November 2014.
Community Response Received 05/16/14

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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