NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Columbia, NH

columbia New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Columbia Board of Selectmen
Marcia Parkhurst, Secretary
PO Box 157
Colebrook, NH 03576
Telephone (603) 237-5255
Fax (603) 237-8270
E-mail towncolumbia@myfairpoint.net
Web Site www.columbianh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday, Wednesday, 10 am - 5 pm, Tuesday, Thursday, 8 am - 3 pm, Friday, 10 am - 3 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Colebrook, NH-VT LMA, NH part
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 1
State Representative Coös County District 1

Incorporated: 1797
Origin: Columbia was first chartered in 1762, and named Preston for Richard Graham, Viscount Preston of Scotland. The original grantees were a group of members of the Society of Friends from Long Island. The town was regranted in 1770 due to grantees failing to meet the prescribed terms, and renamed Cockburntown, after Sir James Cockburn of Scotland, as was so incorporated in 1797. It kept that name until 1811, when Governor John Langdon renamed the town Columbia in the spirit of patriotism preceding the War of 1812.
Villages and Place Names: Bungy, Cones, Georges, Meriden Hill, Tinkerville
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 34 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Columbia totaled 269 over 54 years, from 457 in 1960 to 726 in 2014. The largest decennial percent change was a 44 percent increase between 1970 and 1980, a numeric increase of 206. The 2014 Census estimate for Columbia was 726 residents, which tied with Warren, ranking 206th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2014 (US Census Bureau): 11.9 persons per square mile of land area. Columbia contains 61.2 square miles of land area and 0.06 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2015 $526,077
Budget: School Appropriations, 2015-2016 $1,649,543
Zoning Ordinance 1971/10
Master Plan 2007
Capitol Improvement Plan No
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; School
Public Library No Library

Police Department No
Fire Department No
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Upper Connecticut Valley, Colebrook 5 miles 16

Electric Supplier Eversource Energy; NH Electric Coop
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Private wells
Sanitation Private septic
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant No
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupPrivate
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Limited
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2014 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $21.79
2014 Equalization Ratio $93.8
2014 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $21.97
2014 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings$69.6%
Commercial Land and Buildings$3.8%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other$26.6%

(ACS 2010-2014) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 510
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 408
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 6
Five or More Units in Structure 3
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 93
Total Population Community County
2014 726 32,202
2010 757 33,055
2000 752 33,156
1990 656 34,879
1980 673 35,014
1970 467 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2010-2014
Population by Gender
Male:   366 Female:   360
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 29
Age 5 to 19 116
Age 20 to 34 65
Age 35 to 54 252
Age 55 to 64 100
Age 65 and over 164
Median Age 48.7 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 83.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 22.0%

(ACS 2010-2014) ANNUAL INCOME, 2014
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $30,428
Median family income $62,563
Median household income $51,875
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $40,156
Female $31,923
Individuals below the poverty level 14.6%

Annual Average 2004 2014
Civilian Labor Force 397 323
Employed 381 303
Unemployed 16 20
Unemployment Rate 4.0% 6.2%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2004 2014
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 46 n
Average Weekly Wage $657 n
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 10 n
Average Weekly Wage $276 n
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 56 50
Average Weekly Wage $589 $888
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 2 6
Average Weekly Wage $339 $879
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 58 56
Average Weekly Wage $580 $887
'n' indicates data does not meet disclosure standards

Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are tuitioned to Colebrook SAU 7
Career Technology Center(s): Berlin Regional Career & Tenical Center Region: 2
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools
Grade Levels
Total Enrollment
2015 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 0 Total Capacity: -
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Berlin

Bengston Tool & Die Co. Machine shop 1966
Columbia Sand & Gravel, Inc. Aggregate
Blue Mountain Variety Convenience store
*Employer information supplied by municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes 3
State Routes
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-91 (VT), Exit 28; Aut-55 (QC), Exit 21
Distance 45 miles; 46 miles
Railroad State owned line
Public Transportation No
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Gifford Field, Colebrook
Runway 2,440 ft. turf
Lighted? No Navigational Aids? No
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 139 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 13
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 178 miles
Portland, ME 128 miles
Boston, MA 228 miles
New York City, NY 386 miles
Montreal, Quebec 133 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 76.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 15.4%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 0.0%
Other Means 0.0%
Worked at home 7.7%
Mean Travel Time to Work 18.0 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2010-2014)
Working in community of residence 19.1%
Commuting to another NH community 71.5%
Commuting out-of-state 9.4%
Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
Youth Sports: Baseball
Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
Cross Country Skiing
Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Balsams Wilderness
Other: Camps

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, January 2016.
Community Response Received 05/21/15

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only