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Canaan, NH

canaan New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Canaan
Mike Samson, Town Administrator
PO Box 38
Canaan, NH 03741
Telephone (603) 523-4501
Fax (603) 523-4526
E-mail [email protected]
Web Site www.canaannh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 8 am - 4 pm, Tuesday, Thursday, 8 am - 1 pm, Saturday, 8 am - 12 noon

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Lebanon, NH-VT Micropolitan NECTA, NH part
Tourism Region Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee
Planning Commission Upper Valley Lake Sunapee
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 5
State Representative Grafton County Districts 11, 16

Incorporated: 1761
Origin: First chartered in 1761, the town probably took its name from the hometown of early settlers from Canaan, Connecticut. Not all the grantees became permanent settlers, and a new charter was issued in 1769. According to the Canaan Historical Society, the first train passed through in November 1847 with Daniel Webster on board, and the railroad operations sparked rapid business growth in Canaan Village. In September 1907, Canaan was the site of a tragic train accident, the collision of a passenger train and a freight, resulting in 25 dead and an equal number injured.
Villages and Place Names: Canaan Center, Canaan Street, West Canaan
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 504 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Canaan totaled 2,403 over 54 years, from 1,507 in 1960 to 3,910 in 2014. The largest decennial percent change was a 28 percent increase, which occurred between 1960 and 1970, and also between 1970 and 1980. The 2014 Census estimate for Canaan was 3,910 residents, ranking 97th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2014 (US Census Bureau): 73.3 persons per square mile of land area. Canaan contains 53.3 square miles of land area and 1.8 square miles of inland water area.

Municipal Services
Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2016 $3,908,509
Budget: School Appropriations, 2016 $9,164,095
Zoning Ordinance None
Master Plan 2006
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Checklist
Appointed:Conservation; Recreation; Historic District; Capital Improvement; Meeting House Preservation; Museum Curators
Public Library Canaan Town

Emergency Services
Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Med Ctr, Lebanon 17 miles 417
Alice Peck Day Memorial, Lebanon 15 miles 25

Electric Supplier NH Electric Coop; Liberty Utilities
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Canaan Water Department
Sanitation Canaan Sewer Dept
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Administration) Property Taxes
2015 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $30.27
2015 Equalization Ratio 94.2
2015 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $28.35
2015 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings83.5%
Commercial Land and Buildings13.7%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other2.8%

(ACS 2010-2014) Housing
Total Housing Units 1,854
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,349
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 49
Five or More Units in Structure 64
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 392
(US Census Bureau) Demographics
Total Population Community County
2014 3,910 89,360
2010 3,909 89,118
2000 3,320 81,826
1990 3,048 74,998
1980 2,456 65,806
1970 1,923 54,914
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2010-2014
Population by Gender
Male:   1,955 Female:   1,955
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 195
Age 5 to 19 629
Age 20 to 34 606
Age 35 to 54 1,208
Age 55 to 64 680
Age 65 and over 592
Median Age 46.0 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 90.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 25.3%

(ACS 2010-2014) Income, Inflation Adjusted $
Per capita income $27,367
Median family income $67,950
Median household income $58,333
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $49,716
Female $43,047
Individuals below the poverty level 12.5%

(NHES - ELMI) Labor Force
Annual Average 2005 2015
Civilian Labor Force 1,975 2,009
Employed 1,928 1,940
Unemployed 47 69
Unemployment Rate 2.4% 3.4%

(NHES - ELMI) Employment & Wages
Annual Average Covered Employment 2004 2014
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 92 58
Average Weekly Wage $631 $826
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 190 338
Average Weekly Wage $555 $704
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 282 396
Average Weekly Wage $580 $722
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 270 295
Average Weekly Wage $590 $649
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 552 691
Average Weekly Wage $585 $691

If "n" appears, data do not meet disclosure standards.

(NH Dept. of Education) Education and Child Care
Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Mascoma Valley Regional (Canaan, Dorchester, Enfield, Grafton, Orange) SAU 62
Career Technology Center(s): Hartford Area Career & Technology Center (VT) Region: 7
Educational Facilities (includes Charter Schools) Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 6-9
Total Enrollment 296 330 341 214
2016 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 4 Total Capacity: 35
Nearest Community/Technical College: River Valley
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Dartmouth; Colby-Sawyer; Lebanon

Largest Businesses Product/Service Employees Established
Cardigan School Private school 135
Harris Rebar Steel fabrication 40 1999
Halo Education systems 10
Mitchell Paddles, Inc. Canoe paddles 5 1980
Town of Canaan Municipal services 20 1761
Mascoma Valley Regional School District Education 172
MTD Property maintenance 10
Papa Z's Convenience store 10
Canaan Hardware Hardware store 6
Mascoma Savings Bank Banking services 5

Employer Information Supplied by Municipality

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) Transportation
Road Access US Routes 4
State Routes 118
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-89, Exit 17
Distance 10 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation Advance Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Lebanon MunicipalRunway5,496 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 18 miles
Number of Passenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 63 miles
Portland, ME 156 miles
Boston, MA 114 miles
New York City, NY 280 miles
Montreal, Quebec 201 miles

(ACS 2010-2014) Commuting to Work
Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 82.9%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.0%
Public transportation 1.7%
Walked 2.0%
Other Means 2.6%
Worked at home 1.8%
Mean Travel Time to Work 28.3 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2010-2014)
Working in community of residence 16.6%
Commuting to another NH community 74.0%
Commuting out-of-state 9.4%
Recreation, Attractions, and Events
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Dartmouth Skiway

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, August 2016. Community Response Received 07/25/16

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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