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Canaan, NH

canaan New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact Town of Canaan
Mike Samson, Town Administrator
PO Box 38
Canaan, NH 03741
Telephone (603) 523-4501
Fax (603) 523-4526
E-mail townadmin@canaannh.org
Web Site www.canaannh.org

Municipal Office Hours Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 8 am - 4 pm, Tuesday, Thursday, 8 am - 1 pm, Saturday 8 am - 12 noon

County Grafton
Labor Market Area Lebanon, NH-VT Micropolitan NECTA, NH part
Tourism Region Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee
Planning Commission Upper Valley Lake Sunapee
Regional Development Grafton County Economic Development Council

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2
Executive Council District District 1
State Senate District District 5
State Representative Grafton County Districts 11, 16

Incorporated: 1761
Origin: First chartered in 1761, the town probably took its name from the hometown of early settlers from Canaan, Connecticut. Not all the grantees became permanent settlers, and a new charter was issued in 1769. According to the Canaan Historical Society, the first train passed through in November 1847 with Daniel Webster on board, and the railroad operations sparked rapid business growth in Canaan Village. In September 1907, Canaan was the site of a tragic train accident, the collision of a passenger train and a freight, resulting in 25 dead and an equal number injured.
Villages and Place Names: Canaan Center, Canaan Street, West Canaan
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 504 residents in 1790
Population Trends: Population change for Canaan totaled 2,382 over 53 years, from 1,507 in 1960 to 3,889 in 2013. The largest decennial percent change was a 28 percent increases, which occurred between 1960 and 1970, and between 1970 and 1980. The 2013 Census estimate for Canaan was 3,889 residents, ranking 97th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 73.0 persons per square mile of land area. Canaan contains 53.3 square miles of land area and 1.8 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Selectmen
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2013 $3,658,123
Budget: School Appropriations, 2012 $7,216,201
Zoning Ordinance None
Master Plan 2006
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:Selectmen; Planning; Budget; Library; Cemetery; Trust Funds; Checklist
Appointed:Conservation; Recreation; Historic District; Capital Improvement; Meeting House Preservation; Museum Curators
Public Library Canaan Town

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Volunteer
Emergency Medical Service Volunteer
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Med Ctr, Lebanon 17 miles 388
Alice Peck Day Memorial, Lebanon 15 miles 25

Electric Supplier NH Electric Coop; National Grid
Natural Gas Supplier None
Water Supplier Canaan Water Department
Sanitation Canaan Sewer Dept
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupNone
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramVoluntary
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Limited
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station No
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2013 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $25.17
2013 Equalization Ratio 94.2
2013 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $23.96
2013 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings83.3%
Commercial Land and Buildings13.6%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other3.1%

(ACS 2009-2013) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 1,842
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 1,310
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 62
Five or More Units in Structure 47
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 423
Total Population Community County
2013 3,889 89,268
2010 3,909 89,118
2000 3,320 81,826
1990 3,048 74,998
1980 2,456 65,806
1970 1,923 54,914
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2009-2013
Population by Gender
Male:    2,043 Female:    1,846
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 177
Age 5 to 19 592
Age 20 to 34 592
Age 35 to 54 1,237
Age 55 to 64 676
Age 65 and over 615
Median Age 46.1 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 90.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 23.8%

(ACS 2009-2013) ANNUAL INCOME, 2013
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $28,132
Median family income $68,571
Median household income $61,667
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $49,241
Female $44,375
Individuals below the poverty level 11.2%

Annual Average 2003 2013
Civilian Labor Force 1,930 2,328
Employed 1,876 2,239
Unemployed 54 89
Unemployment Rate 2.8% 3.8%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2003 2013
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 43 52
Average Weekly Wage $478 $749
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 166 349
Average Weekly Wage $562 $673
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 209 401
Average Weekly Wage $545 $683
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 276 275
Average Weekly Wage $485 $683
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 485 676
Average Weekly Wage $511 $683

Schools students attend: Grades K-12 are part of Mascoma Valley Regional (Canaan, Dorchester, Enfield, Grafton, Orange) SAU 62
Career Technology Center(s): Hartford Area Career and Technical Center, White River Junction VT Region: 7
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 1 1 1 1
Grade Levels P K 1-4 5-8 9-12 6-9
Total Enrollment 264 368 367 224
2014 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 5 Total Capacity: 143
Nearest Community/Technical College: River Valley
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Dartmouth; Colby-Sawyer; Lebanon

Cardigan School Private school 50
Barker Steel Steel fabrication 40 1999
CLE Race track 25
Mitchell Paddles, Inc. Canoe paddles 5 1980
Town of Canaan Municipal services 20 1761
Mascoma Valley Regional School District Education 117

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes 4
State Routes 118
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-89, Exit 17
Distance 10 miles
Railroad No
Public Transportation Advance Transit
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Lebanon Municipal
Runway 5,496 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Lebanon Municipal Distance 18 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 1
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 80 miles
Portland, ME 172 miles
Boston, MA 130 miles
New York City, NY 283 miles
Montreal, Quebec 202 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 72.8%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.5%
Public transportation 0.0%
Walked 4.8%
Other Means 2.7%
Worked at home 10.3%
Mean Travel Time to Work 20.6 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2009-2013)
Working in community of residence 29.0%
Commuting to another NH community 49.1%
Commuting out-of-state 7.1%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
Bowling Facilities
X Museums
Performing Arts Facilities
Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
Youth Sports: Hockey
X Campgrounds
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
X Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Dartmouth Skiway

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, March 2015.
Community Response Received 07/18/13

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


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