NHES and ELMI agency logos
New Hampshire Employment Security - an official New Hampshire Government web site
Smaller text size Reset text size Larger text size
link to website translation page

ELMI Home > Products > Community Profiles >

Community Profiles

Berlin, NH

berlin New Hampshire Community Profile Community Contact City of Berlin
James Wheeler, City Manager
168 Main Street, City Hall
Berlin, NH 03570
Telephone (603) 752-7532
Fax (603) 752-8550
E-mail city_manager@berlinnh.gov
Web Site www.berlinnh.gov

Municipal Office Hours Monday through Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

County Coös
Labor Market Area Berlin NH Micro-NECTA
Tourism Region Great North Woods
Planning Commission North Country Council
Regional Development Coös Economic Development Corp.

Election Districts
US Congress District District 2 (All Wards)
Executive Council District District 1 (All Wards)
State Senate District District 1 (All Wards)
State Representative Coös County District 3 (All Wards)

Incorporated: 1829
Origin: This community was first granted in 1771 as Maynesborough in honor of Sir William Mayne, an associate of Governor John Wentworth in the West Indies trade. The area was not settled by the original grantees, and the town was renamed Berlin in 1829 by new settlers originally from Berlin, Massachusetts. According to historical information from the City of Berlin website, the first attempt at building a sawmill powered by the river was in the early 1820s. This was the start of a booming lumber and paper business in Berlin, and at one time it was the largest newsprint supplier in the world. Berlin was incorporated as a city in 1897, and is the northernmost city in New Hampshire.
Villages and Place Names: Cascade, Berlin Mills
Population, Year of the First Census Taken: 73 residents in 1830
Population Trends: Berlin had the largest decrease in numeric population change over 53 years, with total change of 8,209, from 17,821 in 1960 down to 9,612 in 2013. The 2013 Census estimate for Berlin was 9,612 residents, which ranked 30th among New Hampshire's incorporated cities and towns.
Population Density and Land Area, 2013 (US Census Bureau): 156.4 persons per square mile of land area. Berlin contains 61.5 square miles of land area and 0.7 square miles of inland water area.

Type of Government Manager & Council
Budget: Municipal Appropriations, 2014 $12,699,023
Budget: School Appropriations, 2014 $17,114,580
Zoning Ordinance 1964/09
Master Plan 2010
Capitol Improvement Plan Yes
Industrial Plans Reviewed By Planning Board
Boards and Commissions
Elected:City Council; School; Library
Appointed:Planning; Zoning; Berlin Industrial Development Park Authority; Recreation; Water
Public Library Berlin Public

Police Department Full-time
Fire Department Full-time
Emergency Medical Service Private
Nearest Hospital(s) Distance Staffed Beds
Androscoggin Valley, Berlin Local 25

Electric Supplier PSNH
Natural Gas Supplier TransCanada
Water Supplier Berlin Water Works
Sanitation Municipal
Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes
Solid Waste Disposal
Curbside Trash PickupMunicipal
Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramNo
Recycling ProgramMandatory
Telephone Company Fairpoint
Cellular Telephone Access Yes
Cable Television Access Yes
Public Access Television Station Yes
High Speed Internet Service:

(NH Dept. of Revenue Adminstration) PROPERTY TAXES
2013 Total Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $33.00
2013 Equalization Ratio 112.2
2013 Full Value Tax Rate (per $1,000 of value) $42.19
2013 Percent of Local Assessed Value by Property Type
Residential Land and Buildings60.1%
Commercial Land and Buildings12.2%
Public Utilities, Current Use, and Other27.7%

(ACS 2008-2012) HOUSING
Total Housing Units 5,141
Single-Family Units, Detached or Attached 2,922
Units in Multiple-Family Structures:  
Two to Four Units in Structure 1,739
Five or More Units in Structure 446
Mobile Homes and Other Housing Units 34
Total Population Community County
2013 9,743 32,096
2010 10,051 33,055
2000 10,331 33,156
1990 11,889 34,879
1980 13,084 35,014
1970 15,256 34,189
Demographics, American Community Survey (ACS) 2008-2012
Population by Gender
Male:   5,286 Female:   4,723
Population by Age Group
Under age 5 495
Age 5 to 19 1,421
Age 20 to 34 1,809
Age 35 to 54 2,900
Age 55 to 64 1,297
Age 65 and over 2,087
Median Age 44.5 years
Educational Attainment, population 25 years and over
High school graduate or higher 79.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 11.4%

(ACS 2008-2012) ANNUAL INCOME, 2012
(Inflation Adjusted Dollars)
Per capita income $21,449
Median family income $52,266
Median household income $36,811
Median Earnings, full-time, year-round workers
Male $45,000
Female $27,232
Individuals below the poverty level 15.6%

Annual Average 2003 2013
Civilian Labor Force 4,717 4,544
Employed 4,424 4,209
Unemployed 293 335
Unemployment Rate 6.2% 7.4%

Annual Average Covered Employment 2003 2013
Goods Producing Industries
Average Employment 1,057 652
Average Weekly Wage $776 $954
Service Providing Industries
Average Employment 1,949 1,828
Average Weekly Wage $523 $734
Total Private Industry
Average Employment 3,006 2,480
Average Weekly Wage $612 $792
Government (Federal, State, and Local)
Average Employment 1,295 1,273
Average Weekly Wage $591 $856
Total, Private plus Government
Average Employment 4,301 3,752
Average Weekly Wage $606 $814

Schools students attend: Berlin operates grades K-12 SAU 3
Career Technology Center(s): Berlin Regional Career & Technical Center Region: 2
Educational Facilities Elementary Middle/Junior High High School Private/Parochial
Number of Schools 2 1 1 2
Grade Levels K 1-5 5-8 9-12 K 1-12
Total Enrollment 524 314 443 32
2014 NH Licensed Child Care Facilities (Bureau of Child Care Licensing): Total Facilities: 7 Total Capacity: 558
Nearest Community/Technical College: White Mountains
Nearest Colleges or Universities: Granite State College-Berlin

Northern NH Correctional Facility Correctional facility 198 2001
Androscoggin Valley Hospital Health care services 409 1971
City of Berlin Municipal services 125 1825
City of Berlin School System - SAU #3 Education 280
Androscoggin Valley Home Care Services Home care 80 1975
Coos County Family Health Services Health services 80
Northern Human Services Behavioral health services 100
Northway Bank (fka Berlin City Bank) Banking services 65
Federal Correctional Institution (FCI Berlin) Federal prison 250 2013

(Distance estimated from city/town hall) TRANSPORTATION
Road Access US Routes
State Routes 16, 110
Nearest Interstate, Exit I-93, Exit 35
Distance 43 miles
Railroad Canadian National/B&M
Public Transportation NCT
Nearest Public Use Airport, General Aviation
Berlin Municipal
Runway 5,200 ft. asphalt
Lighted? Yes Navigational Aids? Yes
Nearest Airport with Scheduled Service
Portland (ME) International Distance 99 miles
Number of Passsenger Airlines Serving Airport 13
Driving distance to selected cities:
Manchester, NH 147 miles
Portland, ME 98 miles
Boston, MA 171 miles
New York City, NY 380 miles
Montreal, Quebec 179 miles

Workers 16 years and over
Drove alone, car/truck/van 81%
Carpooled, car/truck/van 9.5%
Public transportation 0.2%
Walked 3.2%
Other Means 1.7%
Worked at home 4.4%
Mean Travel Time to Work 17 minutes
Percent of Working Residents: (ACS 2008-2012)
Working in community of residence 68.4%
Commuting to another NH community 30.4%
Commuting out-of-state 1.2%
X Municipal Parks
Boys Club/Girls Club
X Golf Courses
Swimming: Indoor Facility
X Swimming: Outdoor Facility
Tennis Courts: Indoor Faclity
X Tennis Courts: Outdoor Facility
X Ice Skating Rink: Indoor Facility
X Bowling Facilities
X Museums
X Performing Arts Facilities
X Tourists Attractions
X Youth Organizations (i.e., Scouts, 4-H)
X Youth Sports: Baseball
X Youth Sports: Soccer
Youth Sports: Football
X Youth Sports: Basketball
X Youth Sports: Hockey
X Fishing/Hunting
X Boating/Marinas
X Snowmobile Trails
Bicycle Trails
X Cross Country Skiing
X Beach or Waterfront Recreational Area
Overnight or Day Camps
Nearest Ski Area(s): Wildcat, Sunday River
Other: Northern Forest Heritage Park; Nansen Ski Jump; Historic Churches; Moose Tours; Hiking; Canoe/Kayak; Boat Tours; ATV Trails; Boom Piers, River fire

Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau, NH Employment Security, November 2014.
Community Response Received 5/27/2014

All information regarding the communities is from sources deemed reliable and is submitted subject to errors, omissions, modifications, and withdrawals without notice. No warranty or representation is made as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Specific questions regarding individual cities and towns should be directed to the community contact.


Translation Resources and Disclaimer

New Hampshire Employment Security (NHES)
45 South Fruit Street  |  Concord NH 03301  |  603-224-3311  |  1-800-852-3400
TDD Access: Relay NH 1-800-735-2964
webmaster@nhes.nh.gov for web page related issues only